[Daily article] November 28: Banded sugar ant

The banded sugar ant (Camponotus consobrinus) is a species of ant
endemic to Australia. A member of the genus Camponotus in the subfamily
Formicinae, it was described by German entomologist Wilhelm Ferdinand
Erichson in 1842. Its common name refers to the ant's preference for
sweet food, as well as the distinctive orange-brown band around its
gaster. The ant is polymorphic and relatively large, with castes called
major workers (soldiers) and minor workers. Ants in these groups measure
around 5 to 15 millimetres (0.20 to 0.59 inches) in length. Mainly
nocturnal, banded sugar ants prefer a mesic habitat, and are commonly
found in forests and woodlands; they are also found in urban areas,
where they are considered a household pest. The ant's diet includes
sweet secretions they obtain from aphids and other insects. Workers prey
on some insects, killing them with a spray of formic acid. Banded sugar
ants are prey for other ants, echidnas, and birds. The eggs of this
species were consumed by Australian Aborigines.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banded_sugar_ant>

Today's selected anniversaries:


Shi Jingtang was enthroned as the first emperor of the Later Jin
by Emperor Taizong of Liao, following a revolt against Emperor Fei of
Later Tang.


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[Daily article] November 27: Almirante Latorre-class battleship

The Almirante Latorre class consisted of two super-dreadnought
battleships designed by the British company Armstrong Whitworth for the
Chilean Navy, named for Admirals Juan José Latorre and Thomas Cochrane.
Construction began on 27 November 1911, but both were purchased and
renamed by the Royal Navy prior to completion for use in the First World
War. Almirante Latorre (pictured) was commissioned into British service
as HMS Canada in October 1915 and spent its wartime service with the
Grand Fleet, seeing action in the Battle of Jutland. The ship was sold
back to Chile in 1920, assuming its former name. Almirante
Latorre‍ '​s crew instigated a naval mutiny in 1931. After a major
refit in 1937, she patrolled Chile's coast during the Second World War.
Almirante Cochrane was converted to an aircraft carrier and commissioned
into the Royal Navy as HMS Eagle in 1924. It served in the Mediterranean
Fleet and on the China Station in the inter-war period and operated in
the Atlantic and Mediterranean during the Second World War before being
sunk in August 1942 during Operation Pedestal.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almirante_Latorre-class_battleship>

Today's selected anniversaries:


The Great Storm of 1703, one of the most severe storms to
strike southern Great Britain, destroyed the first Eddystone Lighthouse
off Plymouth, England.

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[Daily article] November 26: Children of Mana

Children of Mana is a 2006 action role-playing game for the Nintendo DS
handheld console. It was developed by Square Enix and Nex Entertainment,
and published by Square Enix and Nintendo. It is the sixth game of the
Mana series and the first entry in the World of Mana subseries. Set in a
high fantasy universe, Children of Mana follows one of four young heroes
as they combat an invasion of monsters and learn about the cataclysmic
event that killed their families. Both the main plot and side-quests
require the player to fight through dungeons and defeat boss monsters
before returning to the central Mana Village. Like many of its
predecessors, the game features a local cooperative multiplayer
component. Children of Mana was designed by series creator Koichi Ishii,
directed by Yoshiki Ito, and produced by Takashi Orikata and Katsuji
Aoyama. The game was a moderate commercial success: it sold 100,000
copies in its first week of release, and over 280,000 copies in Japan by
the end of 2006. While critics praised the graphics and music as
beautiful and unique, they found the combat simplistic and repetitive,
and the story insubstantial.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Children_of_Mana>

Today's selected anniversaries:


A Song dynasty fleet defeated Jin dynasty ships in a naval
engagement on the Yangtze river during the Jin–Song Wars.

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[Daily article] November 25: Ron Hamence with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948

Ron Hamence played for the Australian cricket team in 1948, dubbed the
"Invincibles", when they went undefeated for an unprecedented
34 matches on a tour of England. He was not instrumental in the team's
success, and his selection was a subject of controversy because many
batsmen who had scored more runs in the preceding Australian season had
been overlooked. Hamence played in only non-Test tour matches to allow
the leading batsmen to conserve energy for the Tests, as play was
scheduled for six days a week. Because the team captain Donald Bradman
was reluctant to risk the team's unbeaten record, Hamence did not
receive many opportunities to bat high in the order, and scored only
582 runs at a batting average of 32.33, with a top-score of 99. He was
the only frontline Australian batsman not to score a century. The
remaining eight frontline batsmen each scored at least 973 runs and all
averaged no less than 47.30.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Hamence_with_the_Australian_cricket_team_in_England_in_1948>

Today's selected anniversaries:


Reconquista: The Granada War was effectively brought to an end
with the signing of the Treaty of Granada between Castile-Aragon and the
Emirate of Granada.


American Civil War: Confederate forces were defeated at the
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[Daily article] November 24: Rhythm Killers

Rhythm Killers is the second studio album by Jamaican musical duo Sly
and Robbie (pictured), released in May 1987 on Island Records. First
known as a reggae band, the duo experimented in the 1980s with
electronic sounds and contemporary recording technology, while branching
out into international, cross-genre music. A funk and dance album,
Rhythm Killers has a dense sound that incorporates reggae, hip hop, hard
rock, worldbeat, and downtown music. Along with their live instruments,
Sly and Robbie used electronic recording equipment such as the Fairlight
CMI synthesizer and electronic drums. The album has been cited by music
writers for its electronic rhythms, its treatment of African-American
music elements, and Laswell's densely layered production. It peaked at
number 35 on the British Albums Chart, and also charted in the
Netherlands, Sweden, and New Zealand. The critic Robert Christgau named
it the seventh-best album of 1987. Two promotional singles were issued,
including the UK hit "Boops (Here to Go)". Sly and Robbie continued
their digital direction on subsequent albums. The album has since been
out of print.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhythm_Killers>

Today's selected anniversaries:


High Duke of Poland Leszek the White was assassinated during a
diet of the Piast dukes.

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[Daily article] November 23: Burger's Daughter

Burger's Daughter is a political and historical novel by the South
African Nobel recipient Nadine Gordimer (pictured), first published in
the United Kingdom in 1979 by Jonathan Cape. Banned in South Africa for
three months by the Publications Control Board, the book follows a group
of white anti-apartheid activists who seek to overthrow the South
African government. Rosa, the title character, comes to terms with her
father's legacy as an activist in the South African Communist Party.
Gordimer was involved in the anti-apartheid movement and knew many of
the activists, including Bram Fischer, the defence lawyer at Nelson
Mandela's treason trial; she has described the book as a "coded homage"
to him. The novel was generally well received by critics; a review in
The New York Review of Books described the style of writing as "elegant"
and "fastidious", belonging to a "cultivated upper class". In 1980 it
won the Central News Agency Literary Award. When Gordimer won the 1991
Nobel Prize in Literature, Burger's Daughter was one of the books cited
during the awards ceremony.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burger%27s_Daughter>

Today's selected anniversaries:


African slaves from Akwamu in the Danish West Indies revolted
against their owners, one of the earliest and longest slave revolts in
the Americas.

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[Daily article] November 22: Ancestry of the Godwins

Very little is known for certain of the ancestry of the Godwins, the
family of the last Anglo-Saxon King of England, Harold II. When King
Edward the Confessor died in January 1066 the legitimate heir was his
great-nephew, Edgar Ætheling, but he was young and lacked powerful
supporters. Harold was the head of the most powerful family in England
and Edward's brother-in-law, and he became king. In September 1066
Harold defeated and killed King Harald Hardrada of Norway at the Battle
of Stamford Bridge, and Harold was himself defeated and killed the
following month by William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings. The
family is named after Harold's father, Earl Godwin, who had risen to a
position of wealth and influence under King Cnut in the 1020s. In 1045
Godwin's daughter, Edith, married King Edward the Confessor, and by the
mid-1050s Harold and his brothers had become dominant, almost
monopolising the English earldoms. Godwin was probably the son of
Wulfnoth Cild, a South Saxon thegn, but Wulfnoth's ancestry is disputed.
A few genealogists argue that he was descended from Alfred the Great's
elder brother, King Æthelred I, but almost all historians of Anglo-
Saxon England reject this theory.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancestry_of_the_Godwins>

Today's selected anniversaries:


Dutch colonial forces on Taiwan launched a three-month
pacification campaign against Taiwanese aborigines.

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[Daily article] November 21: Trout Creek Mountains

The Trout Creek Mountains are a Great Basin range in Oregon and Nevada
in the United States. Oriented generally north–south, the mountains
consist mostly of fault blocks of basalt, while the southern end has
granitic outcrops. Overall, the faulted terrain is dominated by rolling
hills cut by canyons. Most of the range is federal land, and there is
little human development, apart from cattle ranching. The public land,
dominated by big sagebrush and desert grasses, is open to recreation but
is rarely visited. Sage grouse and mountain chickadee are two native
bird species, and pronghorn and jackrabbit are common mammals. Despite a
dry climate, rare Lahontan cutthroat trout persist in a few streams
after declining for much of the 20th century. In the 1980s, the effects
of grazing on riparian zones and fish led to land-use conflict. The
Trout Creek Mountain Working Group was formed in 1988 to resolve
disagreements among ranchers, environmentalists, government agencies,
and other parties. Stakeholders agreed on changes to land-use practices,
and since the early 1990s, riparian zones have begun to recover.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trout_Creek_Mountains>

Today's selected anniversaries:


Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur captured and sacked the Georgian
capital of Tbilisi, forcing King Bagrat V to convert to Islam.


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[Daily article] November 20: California State Route 75

State Route 75 (SR 75) is a 13-mile (21 km) expressway in San Diego
County, California. It is a loop route of Interstate 5 that begins near
Imperial Beach, heading west on Palm Avenue. The route continues north
along the Silver Strand, a thin strip of land bordering San Diego Bay,
through Silver Strand State Beach. SR 75 passes through the city of
Coronado as Orange Avenue (pictured) and continues onto the San
Diego–Coronado Bay Bridge over the bay, before joining back with
Interstate 5 near downtown San Diego at a freeway interchange. Orange
Avenue dates from the late 19th century, and the Silver Strand Highway
was open to the public by 1924. What would become SR 75 was added to
the state highway system in 1933 and designated Legislative Route 199 in
1935. SR 75 was not officially designated until the 1964 state highway
renumbering. The Coronado Bay Bridge opened in 1969, providing a direct
connection between San Diego and Coronado. SR 75 is marked as a scenic
route for nearly its entire length.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_State_Route_75>

Today's selected anniversaries:


Diocletian became Roman emperor, eventually establishing reforms
that ended the Crisis of the Third Century.


American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Fort Lee marked the
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[Daily article] November 19: Romance (Luis Miguel album)

Romance is the eighth studio album by Mexican singer Luis Miguel
(pictured), released by WEA Latina in 1991. At the suggestion of his
manager, he recorded classic boleros on the album, after songwriter Juan
Carlos Calderón pulled out of a collaboration on pop songs and ballads.
Singer-songwriter Armando Manzanero co-produced the album with Miguel,
with arrangements by Bebu Silvetti. Miguel promoted the record with a
tour of the United States and Latin America. The songs were generally
well received by music critics, who praised the singing and production,
and Miguel received a Grammy nomination for Best Latin Pop Album.
Romance sold over seven million copies worldwide. In the United States,
it spent 32 weeks at number one on the Billboard Latin Pop Albums chart,
and was the first Spanish-language album by a non-crossover Latin artist
to be certified gold; it was also certified gold in Brazil and Taiwan.
Romance is the third-bestselling album of all time in Mexico, and the
bestselling record in Argentina by a non-native artist. The album
revived interest in bolero music, and Miguel released three more bolero
records between 1994 and 2001.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romance_(Luis_Miguel_album)>

Today's selected anniversaries:


Christopher Columbus became the first European to land on
Puerto Rico, naming it San Juan Bautista after John the Baptist.

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[Daily article] November 18: African crake

The African crake (Crex egregia) is a bird in the rail family that
breeds in most of sub-Saharan Africa, except for the arid south and
southwest. A partial migrant, it moves away from the equator as soon as
the rains provide sufficient grassland or crops for breeding areas. It
is commonly found in most of its range, depending on the season. A
smallish crake, it has brown-streaked blackish upperparts, bluish-grey
underparts and black-and-white barring on the flanks and belly, with a
red bill, red eyes, and white facial streak. Its most characteristic
call is a series of rapid grating krrr notes. The male has a territorial
threat display, and may fight at territory boundaries. The nest is a
shallow cup of grass leaves built in a depression under a grass tussock
or small bush. The 3–11 eggs start hatching after about 14 days, and
the black, downy precocial chicks fledge after four to five weeks. The
African crake feeds on a wide range of invertebrates, along with some
small frogs and fish, and plant material, especially grass seeds. It may
itself be eaten by large birds of prey, snakes, or mammals, including

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_crake>

Today's selected anniversaries:


Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor was excommunicated by Pope Innocent
III after he commanded the Pope to annul the Concordat of Worms.

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