bege | 21 Jul 19:09 2014
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Re: How to deal with defect block

Adam,
can you, please, help me finding the correct entry for "Partition start offset byte"?
The secinspect output is attached.
Partition 1 is boot partition
Partition 2 is system partition
Partition 3 is data partition
Thank you very much.
Regards
Bernd

-------- Original Nachricht/Message ---------
Betreff/Subject: Re: [smartmontools-support] How to deal with defect block
Datum/Date: Montag, 21. Juli 2014 15:16:52



Hi,

Please find attached an OpenDocument spreadsheet to help with this. If you find a better way of finding the file - instead of manually like this - please let me know!

You will need to find out the partition offset. One method is using Microsoft's free secinspect.exe
Find the correct physical drive from the output, and then look for the StartingLBA number listed under the table for the Partition Table Entry. This is the "partition start offset byte" for the spreadsheet. The data here is a bit confusing but if you read through it carefully you should get an idea of which partitions are system ones and which has your data on it.

Your disk may have a sector size of 512 or 4096 bytes, this should also be listed in secinspect's output as "BytesPerSector". For "file system block size" this is usually 4096 bytes by default for NTFS, but must be verified. chkdsk

On the spreadsheet, "Bad LBA start" and "Number of bad LBAs" are where you enter data about the faulty sector and how many there are (sometimes disks have a block of them), you'll be then given the first and last file system block. Look for this using Sysinternals' free DiskView program. This requires some time and patience as you have to zoom in and out and use trial and error to find the correct file.

This entire method is laborious and has to be followed carefully, but in my experience it has proven accurate. It has also, in every time I've used it, found that some useless file is affected :-D


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Adam Piggott | 21 Jul 16:38 2014
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Re: How to deal with defect block

On 21/07/2014 15:00, Rich wrote:
> I'd be curious to see said method - I was considering scripting this
> for both Windows and Linux (and possibly Solaris), because <s>I hate
> myself</s> I find myself needing to do this on occasion...

Might be easier to collaborate on IRC. I'm _aD on 
irc://irc.freenode.net/#smartmontools

http://proactiveservices.co.uk/contib/Hard_disk_bad_sector_to_file_mapping.ods

secinspect.exe:
http://www.microsoft.com/en-gb/download/details.aspx?id=19470

DiskView:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-gb/sysinternals/bb896650.aspx

You will need to find out the partition offset. One method is using 
Microsoft's free secinspect.exe

Find the correct physical drive from the output, and then look for the 
StartingLBA number listed under the table for the Partition Table Entry. 
This is the "partition start offset byte" for the spreadsheet. The data 
here is a bit confusing but if you read through it carefully you should get 
an idea of which partitions are system ones and which has your data on it.

Your disk may have a sector size of 512 or 4096 bytes, this should also be 
listed in secinspect's output as "BytesPerSector". For "file system block 
size" this is usually 4096 bytes by default for NTFS, but must be verified. 
chkdsk

On the spreadsheet, "Bad LBA start" and "Number of bad LBAs" are where you 
enter data about the faulty sector and how many there are (sometimes disks 
have a block of them), you'll be then given the first and last file system 
block. Look for this using Sysinternals' free DiskView program. This 
requires some time and patience as you have to zoom in and out and use 
trial and error to find the correct file.

This entire method is laborious and has to be followed carefully, but in my 
experience it has proven accurate. It has also, in every time I've used it, 
found that some useless file is affected :-D

I have only had a chance to use this on pretty simple partition layouts 
etc. so it may have design flaws that I haven't uncovered. Please don't 
rely on it! I suppose now is as good a time as any to make this method 
fully scripted, easy to use, and more importantly, accurate.
--

-- 
Adam Piggott, Proprietor
Proactive Services (Computing)

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Jake Moore | 17 Jul 19:59 2014

Set threshold for email with smartd.conf

Hello,

I'm using smartd.conf to monitor the performance of a few Ubuntu 8 and 
Ubuntu 12 servers. There is a line in the file that will notify when the 
Reallocated_Sector_Ct changes. I want to do this, but to only email when 
the raw value passes a certain threshold.

My initial thought was to write a script that greps the output of 
smartctl and sends an email when the RAW column reaches a number, but it 
seems like using the daemon would be much cleaner.

Any assistance would be helpful.

--

-- 
Jake Moore

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Graham Fleming | 17 Jul 09:19 2014
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Unsupported USB 2.5" Mediasonic Drive Enclosure (h21-su3)

Hello,

I have a Mediasonic 2.5" SATA HDD enclosure with USB 3.0 bridge. Model number is h21-su3: http://www.mediasonic.ca/product.php?id=1357293154

When I run smartctl -a (latest version on linux 3.15), I get the following:

smartctl 6.2 2013-07-26 r3841 [x86_64-linux-3.15.5-1-ARCH] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-13, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

/dev/sdc: Unknown USB bridge [0x2109:0x0700 (0x005)]
Please specify device type with the -d option.

Use smartctl -h to get a usage summary

Any way to get this device working? I've tried -d sat and -d usbjmicron without success.

Thanks,

Graham
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Ken Mandelberg | 16 Jul 17:05 2014

Help With Selftest Aborted

I recently had to get an SSD replaced under warranty, and the
replacement is a refurb. I thought I would test it with smartctl before
I put it into production. The short self test succeeds, while the long
one aborts. I don't understand the error.

The SSD will eventually go back to the internal sata controller, but
this test test is done via an external usb3->sata dock.

smartctl 6.2 2013-07-26 r3841 [x86_64-linux-3.13.0-32-generic] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-13, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Samsung based SSDs
Device Model:     Samsung SSD 840 Series
Serial Number:    S14LNEACC42878X
LU WWN Device Id: 5 002538 550138751
Firmware Version: DXT09B0Q
User Capacity:    500,107,862,016 bytes [500 GB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate:    Solid State Device
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ACS-2, ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4c
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.1, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Wed Jul 16 10:35:56 2014 EDT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x00)	Offline data collection activity
					was never started.
					Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status:      (  25)	The self-test routine was aborted by
					the host.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection: 		(53956) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities: 			 (0x53) SMART execute Offline immediate.
					Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
					Suspend Offline collection upon new
					command.
					No Offline surface scan supported.
					Self-test supported.
					No Conveyance Self-test supported.
					Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)	Saves SMART data before entering
					power-saving mode.
					Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)	Error logging supported.
					General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 (  70) minutes.
SCT capabilities: 	       (0x003d)	SCT Status supported.
					SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
					SCT Feature Control supported.
					SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 1
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE
UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
   5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   010    Pre-fail
Always       -       0
   9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   099   099   000    Old_age
Always       -       4346
  12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   098   098   000    Old_age
Always       -       1914
177 Wear_Leveling_Count     0x0013   098   098   000    Pre-fail  Always
       -       16
179 Used_Rsvd_Blk_Cnt_Tot   0x0013   100   100   010    Pre-fail  Always
       -       0
181 Program_Fail_Cnt_Total  0x0032   100   100   010    Old_age   Always
       -       0
182 Erase_Fail_Count_Total  0x0032   100   100   010    Old_age   Always
       -       0
183 Runtime_Bad_Block       0x0013   100   100   010    Pre-fail  Always
       -       0
187 Uncorrectable_Error_Cnt 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always
       -       0
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0032   064   039   000    Old_age   Always
       -       36
195 ECC_Error_Rate          0x001a   200   200   000    Old_age   Always
       -       0
199 CRC_Error_Count         0x003e   099   099   000    Old_age   Always
       -       14
235 POR_Recovery_Count      0x0012   099   099   000    Old_age   Always
       -       41
241 Total_LBAs_Written      0x0032   099   099   000    Old_age   Always
       -       8509955188

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining
LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Extended offline    Aborted by host               90%      4346
      -
# 2  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      4346
      -
# 3  Extended offline    Aborted by host               90%      4346
      -
# 4  Extended offline    Aborted by host               90%      4346
      -
# 5  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      4346
      -

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
  SPAN    MIN_LBA    MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
     1          0          0  Not_testing
     2          0          0  Not_testing
     3          0          0  Not_testing
     4          0          0  Not_testing
     5          0          0  Not_testing
   255  307529728  307595263  Read_scanning was never started
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
   After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

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Graham Fleming | 15 Jul 06:22 2014
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Re: Mediasonic 8 Bay External Hard Drive Enclosure connected via USB 3.0

Hi Christian,

Thanks for the detailed reply and great info. Good call on the age of the ticket!

So yes, just verified "smartctl -d usbjimcron,N ... /dev/sdX" returns errors such as:

Read Device Identity failed: scsi error unsupported field in scsi command
A mandatory SMART command failed: exiting. To continue, add one or more '-T permissive' options.

I try adding "-T permissive" (or even verypermissive) and get this:

Read Device Identity failed: scsi error unsupported field in scsi command
=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Device Model:     ???
Serial Number:    ?
Firmware Version: ?????
Device is:        Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is:   Unknown(0x1ac0) (unknown minor revision code: 0x045a)
Local Time is:    Mon Jul 14 20:08:44 2014 PDT
SMART support is: Ambiguous - ATA IDENTIFY DEVICE words 82-83 don't show if SMART supported.
SMART support is: Ambiguous - ATA IDENTIFY DEVICE words 85-87 don't show if SMART is enabled.
A mandatory SMART command failed: exiting. To continue, add one or more '-T permissive' options.

And yes, not including the beginning lines of output but I'm running this on Arch Linux with kernel 3.15.5
and smartctl 6.2 2013-07-26 r3841.

And I just tried it with "-d sat". Can't believe it but it works! All 8 disks are showing up. Thank you thank you
thank you! I guess the "[USB JMicron]" in the initial error output had me focusing on using the usbjmicron switches.

Thanks again!

Graham
On Jul 14, 2014, at 2:43 AM, Christian Franke <Christian.Franke <at> t-online.de> wrote:

> Graham Fleming wrote:
> 
>> Thanks a lot for the reply. I'll admit I don't fully understand what
>> you are saying, but the staement that it only works with 2 devices
>> seems contradictory to the info on the supported devices page where
>> the Mediasonic Pro Box 4 Bay Enclosure is listed as supported. And the
>> associated ticket (http://www.smartmontools.org/ticket/95) appears to
>> show that it does work with all 4 drives.
>> 
> 
> The ATA pass-through of JMicron USB bridges supports only 2 ports (-d usbjmicron,0 and ,1) regardless of a
port multiplier behind(!) the USB bridge (see also comment #1 of the ticket).
> 
> If you actually have tested "smartctl -d usbjmicron,N ... /dev/sdX" for N=0,1 and /dev/sdX="all disks
from this box", then JMicron's ATA pass-through does (no longer) work with this box.
> 
> (BTW: You didn't include smartctl's first output line, so I assume by default that you are using a recent
smartctl version under Linux)
> 
> 
>> Does seeing how the 4-bay works make any sense with how the 8-bay
>> might work?
>> 
> 
> The ticket is 4+ years old and the hard/firmware of recent models may have changed considerably without
notice. The ticket reporter's test result ("usbjmicron,0 ... appeared to successfully give the info for
the first disk") is very different from your test results.
> 
> There is a chance that JMicron now supports SAT. Try "-d sat" option with some /dev/sdX from the box.
> 
> Please also report the USB ID and bcdDevice value of the box ("lsusb ...").
> 
> Thanks,
> Christian
> 
> 
> 

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Graham Fleming | 14 Jul 06:19 2014
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Mediasonic 8 Bay External Hard Drive Enclosure connected via USB 3.0

Hi there,

I have a Mediasonic ProBox H82-SU3S2 8 Bay External Hard Drive Enclosure.

"smartctl -a /dev/sd[a-h]" returns full stats of all drives when connected via eSATA using port
multiplier. However, when connecting via USB 3.0, the same command does not work.

I get the error: "Smartctl open device: /dev/sdd [USB JMicron] failed: No device connected".

So, I try various combinations of the "-d usbjmicron,X" parameters but still cannot get any smart status of
the hard disks. 

Any one have any luck with this unit on USB 3.0? Anything I can do to test/help get it working with smartmontools?

To those wondering why I don't just use eSATA, I have a new computer whose on-board eSATA port does not
support port multiplier.

Thanks a lot!

Graham
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Luigi Tarenga | 10 Jul 11:14 2014
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new wd elements

hi,
I have a WD Elements 1.5TB usb 3.0. The drive is not listed
at this page: http://www.smartmontools.org/wiki/Supported_USB-Devices

[root <at> lizard ~]# lsusb | grep West
Bus 006 Device 003: ID 1058:10b8 Western Digital Technologies, Inc.

here is the output of smartmontool:

[root <at> lizard ~]# smartctl -V
smartctl 5.43 2012-06-30 r3573 [x86_64-linux-3.12.0-v1] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-12 by Bruce Allen, http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net

smartctl comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free
software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License; either
version 2, or (at your option) any later version.
See http://www.gnu.org for further details.

smartmontools release 5.43 dated 2012-06-30 at 14:03:01 UTC
smartmontools SVN rev 3573 dated 2012-06-30 at 14:03:55
smartmontools build host: x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu
smartmontools build configured: 2013-02-21 22:26:05 UTC
smartctl compile dated Feb 21 2013 at 22:26:16
smartmontools configure arguments: '--build=x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu' 
'--host=x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu' '--target=x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu' 
'--program-prefix=' '--prefix=/usr' '--exec-prefix=/usr' 
'--bindir=/usr/bin' '--sbindir=/usr/sbin' '--sysconfdir=/etc' 
'--datadir=/usr/share' '--includedir=/usr/include' '--libdir=/usr/lib64' 
'--libexecdir=/usr/libexec' '--localstatedir=/var' 
'--sharedstatedir=/var/lib' '--mandir=/usr/share/man' 
'--infodir=/usr/share/info' '--with-selinux' '--with-libcap-ng=yes' 
'-with-systemdsystemunitdir=no' 'build_alias=x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu' 
'host_alias=x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu' 
'target_alias=x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu' 'CXXFLAGS=-O2 -g -pipe -Wall 
-Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector 
--param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -m64 -mtune=generic' 'CFLAGS=-O2 -g -pipe 
-Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector 
--param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -m64 -mtune=generic' 
'PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/lib64/pkgconfig:/usr/share/pkgconfig'

[root <at> lizard ~]# smartctl --all -d sat /dev/sdc
smartctl 5.43 2012-06-30 r3573 [x86_64-linux-3.12.0-v1] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-12 by Bruce Allen, http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Device Model:     WDC WD15NMVW-11AV3S2
Serial Number:    WD-WX51A34L2076
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 25fa96bdb
Firmware Version: 01.01A01
User Capacity:    1,500,301,910,016 bytes [1.50 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Device is:        Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is:   8
ATA Standard is:  ACS-2 (revision not indicated)
Local Time is:    Thu Jul 10 11:11:33 2014 CEST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART STATUS RETURN: incomplete response, ATA output registers missing
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x00)    Offline data collection activity
                     was never started.
                     Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0)    The previous self-test 
routine completed
                     without error or no self-test has ever
                     been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection:         (30480) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:              (0x7b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                     Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                     Suspend Offline collection upon new
                     command.
                     Offline surface scan supported.
                     Self-test supported.
                     Conveyance Self-test supported.
                     Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)    Saves SMART data before entering
                     power-saving mode.
                     Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)    Error logging supported.
                     General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time:      (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:      ( 337) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time:      (   5) minutes.
SCT capabilities:            (0x7035)    SCT Status supported.
                     SCT Feature Control supported.
                     SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE UPDATED  
WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
   1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x002f   100   253   051    Pre-fail 
Always       -       0
   3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0027   100   253   021    Pre-fail 
Always       -       0
   4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age 
Always       -       12
   5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   200   200   140    Pre-fail 
Always       -       0
   7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x002e   100   253   000    Old_age 
Always       -       0
   9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age 
Always       -       1
  10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0032   100   253   000    Old_age 
Always       -       0
  11 Calibration_Retry_Count 0x0032   100   253   000    Old_age 
Always       -       0
  12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age 
Always       -       12
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age 
Always       -       10
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age 
Always       -       63
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   115   114   000    Old_age 
Always       -       37
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age 
Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age 
Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0030   100   253   000    Old_age 
Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age 
Always       -       0
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   0x0008   100   253   000    Old_age 
Offline      -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
  SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
     1        0        0  Not_testing
     2        0        0  Not_testing
     3        0        0  Not_testing
     4        0        0  Not_testing
     5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
   After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

write directly to me if you need I run some more command on it. thank you.

regards
Luigi

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Juan Pablo Lopez Bergero | 8 Jul 17:08 2014
Picon

Weird data from Hitachi 1TB new disk.

Hi,
     I've just buy a new hard drive, model HDS721010KLA330 (Hitachi) 1TB. What worries me is this attribute:

  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0012   094   094   000    Old_age   Always       -       42404

Anyone know whats going on?

JP-
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Franc Zabkar | 7 Jul 23:32 2014
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WD's hidden SMART attributes

WD's drives record more SMART attributes than they report. Setting bit #7 
of the flag byte appears to denote that an attribute is hidden from the user.

Extracting SMART data from WD MODs 20 - 26:
http://malthus.zapto.org/viewtopic.php?f=22&t=968#p4241

SMART data are recorded in firmware modules 20 - 26 in the reserved System 
Area on the platters.

Resource dumps for various models are available here:
http://files.hddguru.com/download/PC-3000-UDMA%20Support/

-Franc Zabkar

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Luis Muñoz Fuente | 24 Jun 11:01 2014
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I don't understand error log

Hello:
I don't understand this message of smartctl -l error /dev/sda:

Error 1 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 21 hours (0 days + 21 
hours)
   When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was in an 
unknown state.

   After command completion occurred, registers were:
   ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
   -- -- -- -- -- -- --
   10 51 01 7b df 4c ab  Error: IDNF at LBA = 0x0b4cdf7b = 189587323

   Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
   CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
   -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
   ca 00 01 7b df 4c ab 08      00:04:44.912  WRITE DMA
   ca 00 01 40 00 00 a0 08      00:04:44.912  WRITE DMA
   c8 00 11 16 08 04 a2 08      00:04:44.912  READ DMA
   c8 00 56 bf 08 04 a1 08      00:04:44.912  READ DMA
   c8 00 56 69 08 04 a1 08      00:04:44.912  READ DMA

Thanks

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Gmane