Here I have some comments on this document:
5.2 Traffic mediation
(a) Anchoring of sub-flow traffic: On one hand, it is not always
possible for a single GW be sitting on the path of every sub-flow
from a MPTCP session, hence explicit traffic anchoring to enable a
single point of general control over MPTCP sub-flows should be
(b) Mediation of sub-flow traffic: On the other hand, for fine-
grained mediation of sub-flow traffic, both static and dynamic
selection/offloading/pooling policies should be allowed. For
instance, "always prefer Wi-Fi over 3GPP" could be a static policy
for bulk data transfer services, while "use 3GPP only for backup
unless Wi-Fi is congested" could be a dynamic offloading policy for a
un-prioritized VoIP service.
[xcs]Question for clarification: How does the MPTCP proxy know the binding information between the IP and RAT ? The mobile node knows which IP is allocated from which RAT, but it is very hard for the MPTCP Proxy in the
core network to know these mapping information.
One possible solution is the PCRF (defined in the 3GPP) to provide these binding information to the MPTCP proxy if the MPTCP proxy performance the traffic mediation or let the mobile to do the traffic mediation.
Another question is how the rules (e.g. "always prefer Wi-Fi over 3GPP") are provided to the MPTCP Proxy or the mobile ? For the MPTCP proxy, it is again the PCRF; for the mobile , it is the ANDSF ?
4.2 Resource pooling for reduced expense
Due to its low construction and operation expenses, Wi-Fi has been
adopted by mobile operators as a complementary RAT for their
traditional 3GPP networks. However, different construction and
operation expenses of various radio networks result in differences in
charging rates/policies for different RATs.
For instance, Wi-Fi access may be charged by the access duration,
while the 3GPP access may be charged by the consumed data volume.
Even if using the same policy, Wi-Fi service is expected to be much
cheaper than 3GPP data service.
Moreover, different subscription packages may offer various data
plans for various RATs. For instance, a basic 4G package may contain
free data volume as well free Wi-Fi access too.
By enabling MPTCP session between UE and network proxy, via mediating
sub-flow data traffic based on their Radio access types and the
user’s subscription package, it is possible to further reduce the
usage expenses from both sides of the network and user.
[xcs] it will benefit the user if the user’s expense of data usage is reduced, if the WiFi connection is available and charging fee is very low, maybe all the traffic from the 4G are moved to the WiFi by the MPTCP proxy,
and the mobility and QoS of the service maybe aren’t ensured, so it is proposed to adding the following sentence to the end of this chapter:
The QoS/QoE/Service continuity of the current data services are still kept when the MPTCP proxy is used to reduce the user’s usage expenses.
A assumption for reducing user expense is that the WiFi connection is activated beforehand, but sometimes the WiFi connection isn’t activated or a wrong WiFi AP is selected by the user( that MPTCP Proxy can’t access the
WiFi IP flow), that is, one hand, the network need to control the MPTCP Proxy to mediate the IP flows, another hand, the network should tell the mobile to open which RAT/WiFi to make the MPTCP Proxy work. i.e. the network should provide some information to
the UE , to guide the UE to select and open another RAT to enable the MPTCP.
4.1 Dynamic traffic offloading based on network information
For real-time interactive services with higher QoS requirements it is
expected that 3GPP network can provide better guarantees on the
average case. For bulk data transfer who is satisfied with best-
effort delivery, Wi-Fi would be a great choice. But the vertical
partition does not fit everywhere for the wireless condition itself
is quite dynamic and hard to predict. It is important to implement
adaptive offloading mechanisms in order to achieve higher resource
utility with ever changing radio environment for a possibly moving
terminal based on network status, e.g. cell load, AP’s signal
intensity, user’s subscription type, etc.
[xcs]The same question from 1): How does the MPTCP Proxy/UE know the network status ? The PCRF/ANDSF provides these information to the MPTCP Proxy/UE ?
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.