Eco Mann | 11 Jun 00:57 2008

MMM. Free Dana Beal, Global Marijuana March founder. New York Times.

See: and and
"Illinois: Yippie Leader Faces Charges". By Colin Moynihan. June 10, 2008. New York Times.

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Weird Load: Only in America: HELP FREE DANA BEAL: One of the last of the YIPPIES and founder of the World Wide Marijuana March needs your help now!:

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Monday, June 9, 2008

HELP FREE DANA BEAL: One of the last of the YIPPIES and founder of the World Wide Marijuana March needs your help now!

There have been many groups in the history of American protest who have made great strides for social justice, but a rarefied few have left a mark an indelible as the Youth International Party(Yippies). A group of anti-Vietnam War activist who used irony, humor, intelligence, and their own blinding belief in peace and love to challenge the establishment on the streets, in the courts, and the halls of Congress itself.

Yippie Flag

Names like Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, Nancy Kurshan, Paul Krassner, Allen Ginsberg, Phil Ochs, and Judy Collins are all iconic.

A name you might not know, however, is that of Dana Beal. In 1972 Dana founded then edited the Yipster Times (later to become Overthrow) which operated until 1979. He wasn't in Chicago in 1968 where Hoffman and Rubin passed into legend for being stomped and then persecuted as part of the Chicago Seven. Beal was already underground hiding from the authorities for revolutionary activates in opposition to the Vietnam War, in support of individual rights, and support of Marijuana legalization. He continues to fight for your rights to this day being the primary organizer behind the World Wide Marijuana March through the organization Cures Not Wars. A few days ago in Coles County Illinois, Dana Beal was arrested by the authorities. A man who has sacrificed so much of his life for the civil rights of his fellow human beings now languishes in a rural jail and he needs your help this time.

Dana Beal at this years World Wide Marijuana March
Photo by Tian Scherer

Dana Beal has been involved in every major social justice movement since his introduction to radical politics in the early 1960's. In 1963 during a left-wing political rally he stated that should a tyrant ever become President of the United States he should be shot. While that seems like a pretty reasonable assertion to anyone he was informed on and there after whenever a sitting President or candidate came to New York City his whereabouts and activities were monitored and verified by the Secret Service. In 1967 before the 1968 Democratic Convention where the Yippies would become famous, Dana was charged with trying to sell acid to an undercover cop. Beal skipped out on the rap remaining on the run with help from various activist around the country including members of the Weather Underground only to later be apprehended by authorities in Wisconsin. He served a year in prison.

Upon his release he became more active than ever not only founding the Yipster Times but he also started Greenwich Villages Community Bail Fund a money collection that bailed out members of the counter culture who were arrested on various drug charges. This fund bailed out dozens of fellow activist and revolutionaries over the years including Beal himself. When he was freed from the jail on Center Street hundreds of fellow hippies gathered then carried him on their shoulders back to his office. Dana has spent the last twenty years focusing on the legalization of marijuana and in an almost Quixotic attempt to have the African hallucinogen Ibogaine legalized as a cure for heroin, cocaine, and alcohol addictions. Howard Lotsof an activist/scientist who has done extensive work with Ibogaine as a cure for addiction stated this afternoon that, "Dana's support of Ibogaine has enabled thousands of people to walk away from addiction."

Several days ago Dana Beal was arrested by local police in Coles County, Illinois after being stopped. According to a Sheriff's department spokesperson, Beal was in possession of over $100,000.00 cash. Unable to verify where he obtained the money Beal has been incarcerated in the Coles County Jail- bail has been set at $250,000.00 (he has been deemed a flight risk due to his past record), and he is being charged with "Laundering of criminally derived property with a value of $100,000.00." Mr. Beal is yet to step into a courtroom, however, as his bail was set by a judge who evaluated his arrest and ruled that it was valid and with cause. Thursday morning (June 12th) at 9:30am Dana will appear in local circuit court, possibly to be formally charged with the offence. Meanwhile he remains incarcerated with bond set at $250,000.00 unable to come up with the 10% ($25,000.00) needed for bail.

Beal has obtained a local attorney, Ronald Tulin, and I spoke one of his representatives today. They do not want to comment on the case before they get into a courtroom but they have verified that they are representing Mr. Beal and further stated that no formal charges have been filed on Dana as of yet.

Over the next few days I will be posting news about the case and writing about who Dana Beal is. He needs our help now, brothers and sisters. Mr. Lotsof stated that Dana's immediate need is to raise $10,000.00 dollars in order to keep his attorneys on retainer. After that an additional $25,000.00 is needed for his bail. As I have stated before, Dana Beal has given up much for his ideals and to protect your rights. The Community Bail Fund he organized in the 1960's alone qualifies him as someone at least deserving of our respect and any help we can give him.

You can help financially in two ways:

If you can assist with funds for the attorney fees please email me at Cnance <at> and I will put you in contact with his lawyers.

If you don't have money please at least send Dana love, good wishes, and good vibes at freedanabeal <at> and they will be forwarded to him.

If you wish to send money to Dana directly it will be added to his jail account and can be used for his bond please send it to:

Irvin Beal

Coles County Jail

701 7th Street

Charleston, IL 61920

Organizing has happened and it is the least we owe to a man who has given so much to us. Please stay tuned and let's help this old warrior once again become a free man!

Res Ipsa Loqitor
Chad Nance
Myrtle Beach, SC



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Eco Mann | 12 Jun 03:06 2008

MMM. Repression of Brazil Global Marijuana March. (Forward)

See also:

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Sergio Vidal <sergiociso-/E1597aS9LRfJ/>
Date: Wed, Jun 11, 2008 at 7:01 PM
Subject: Repression on Brazil GMM

Repression on Brazil GMM
On past May Brazil revived situations that reminded the period of the Military Dictatorship, when freedom of expression was suspended, social movements were violently repressed and protesters were considered criminals and punished by law. These events reveal the country still has a long way to go to consolidate itself as an effectively democratic nation.

The Marijuana March that was expected to happen in 14 cities was forbidden in Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Fortaleza, João Pessoa, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, São Paulo and Santos. In these cities hundreds of people attended the manifestation, many not knowing the March had being prohibited. More than 50 protesters were arrested and charged with "crime apology", including some who were victims of police violence.


The event took place only in Recife, Porto Alegre, Vitória and Florianópolis, where thousands of people manifested peacefully and the announced "apologetic behavior" did not come about. Still today some activists are being investigated in Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, accused with practicing "crime apology", including researchers that are know nationally and internationally, such as Sergio Vidal and Edward MacRae. Both are at risk of being criminally charged with "inducing, stimulating or motivating drug abuse", article 33 of the new drug law that was passed on August 2006.


The independent media has registered some situations that may help to put together the absurd scenery of those facts:


General Vídeo 01 Vídeo 02

Belo Horizonte Vídeo 01

Brasília - DF Vídeo 01

Curitiba Vídeo 01 Vídeo 02 Vídeo 03 Vídeo 04

Florianópolis Vídeo 01

João Pessoa Vídeo 01 Vídeo 02

Recife Vídeo 01 Vídeo 02 Vídeo 03 Vídeo 04 Vídeo 05 Vídeo 06

Rio de Janeiro Vídeo 01

São Paulo Vídeo 01 Vídeo 02 Vídeo 03 Vídeo 04

TV videos Vídeo 01 Vídeo 02 Vídeo 03 Vídeo 04 Vídeo 05 Vídeo 06


Translatade by: Luiz Paulo Guanabara

Posted By: Sergio Vidal



Sergio Vidal (71) 81771488
Secretário do GIESP; Pesquisador do NEIP;

Abra sua conta no Yahoo! Mail, o único sem limite de espaço para armazenamento!

====end of forwarded message====


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Eco Mann | 17 Jun 00:05 2008

MMM. 2. The End of Bushonomics. Trickle-up pain.

This isn't the first time that trickle-down economics has ruined an economy. See the article farther down.

And for some humor about Bushonomics:

National economic success is not a right or left thing. It is universal healthcare, minimum wages and progressive taxation; combined with low total taxation as a percent of the total economy. In other words keeping money out of the hands of the super-rich and the government. See?, and you thought math was hard. :) - Universal, single-payer healthcare is cheaper and better than anything else.

==== article begins ====

Pinochet And The Fairy Tale Miracle Of Chile

December 11, 2006.

Pinochet And The Fairy Tale Miracle Of Chile


Augusto Pinochet, the CIA-installed army general and dictator of Chile who ended the Salvador Allende led period of democratic government in that country, recently died at age 91. Victims of Pinochet's human rights abuses are celebrating his passing.

Photo credit: Jonathan Franklin

"I think that the death of Pinochet permits us to let go of the past and now we can look forward at the future with much more optimism and the desire to reconcile," said Maria Angelica Prats, the daughter of a Carlos Prats, an army general who was murdered by Pinochet security forces in a car bomb attack.

But Pinochet's heritage is not only characterized by Human Rights violations. He also all but ruined the economy of Chile, listening to the crème de la crème of the US economic establishment. "The miracle of Chile" and similar phrases which described the experiments of economic liberalism are just so much propaganda. In reality, the economy of Chile took a hard hit and only recovered later, with a profound change of policy.

Greg Palast has the story and it makes for an interesting read.

- - -

Tinker Bell, Pinochet And The Fairy Tale Miracle Of Chile

by Greg Palast
Palast is the author of the New York Times bestseller, Armed Madhouse. (Signed copies available for the holidays at

Chile's former military ruler General Augusto Pinochet has died at the age of 91 - a week after entering hospital in Santiago to receive treatment for a heart attack.

Cinderella's Fairy Godmother, Tinker Bell and General Augusto Pinochet had much in common.

All three performed magical good deeds. In the case of Pinochet, he was universally credited with the Miracle of Chile, the wildly successful experiment in free markets, privatization, de-regulation and union-free economic expansion whose laissez-faire seeds spread from Valparaiso to Virginia.

But Cinderella's pumpkin did not really turn into a coach. The Miracle of Chile, too, was just another fairy tale. The claim that General Pinochet begat an economic powerhouse was one of those utterances whose truth rested entirely on its repetition.

Chile could boast some economic success. But that was the work of Salvador Allende - who saved his nation, miraculously, a decade after his death.

In 1973, the year General Pinochet brutally seized the government, Chile's unemployment rate was 4.3%. In 1983, after ten years of free-market modernization, unemployment reached 22%. Real wages declined by 40% under military rule.

In 1970, 20% of Chile's population lived in poverty. By 1990, the year "President" Pinochet left office, the number of destitute had doubled to 40%. Quite a miracle.

Pinochet did not destroy Chile's economy all alone. It took nine years of hard work by the most brilliant minds in world academia, a gaggle of Milton Friedman's trainees, the Chicago Boys. Under the spell of their theories, the General abolished the minimum wage, outlawed trade union bargaining rights, privatized the pension system, abolished all taxes on wealth and on business profits, slashed public employment, privatized 212 state industries and 66 banks and ran a fiscal surplus.

Freed of the dead hand of bureaucracy, taxes and union rules, the country took a giant leap forward … into bankruptcy and depression. After nine years of economics Chicago style, Chile's industry keeled over and died. In 1982 and 1983, GDP dropped 19%. The free-market experiment was kaput, the test tubes shattered. Blood and glass littered the laboratory floor. Yet, with remarkable chutzpah, the mad scientists of Chicago declared success. In the US, President Ronald Reagan's State Department issued a report concluding, "Chile is a casebook study in sound economic management." Milton Friedman himself coined the phrase, "The Miracle of Chile." Friedman's sidekick, economist Art Laffer, preened that Pinochet's Chile was, "a showcase of what supply-side economics can do."

It certainly was. More exactly, Chile was a showcase of de-regulation gone berserk.

The Chicago Boys persuaded the junta that removing restrictions on the nation's banks would free them to attract foreign capital to fund industrial expansion.

Pinochet sold off the state banks - at a 40% discount from book value - and they quickly fell into the hands of two conglomerate empires controlled by speculators Javier Vial and Manuel Cruzat. From their captive banks, Vial and Cruzat siphoned cash to buy up manufacturers - then leveraged these assets with loans from foreign investors panting to get their piece of the state giveaways.

The bank's reserves filled with hollow securities from connected enterprises. Pinochet let the good times roll for the speculators. He was persuaded that Governments should not hinder the logic of the market.

By 1982, the pyramid finance game was up. The Vial and Cruzat "Grupos" defaulted. Industry shut down, private pensions were worthless, the currency swooned. Riots and strikes by a population too hungry and desperate to fear bullets forced Pinochet to reverse course. He booted his beloved Chicago experimentalists. Reluctantly, the General restored the minimum wage and unions' collective bargaining rights. Pinochet, who had previously decimated government ranks, authorized a program to create 500,000 jobs. In other words, Chile was pulled from depression by dull old Keynesian remedies, all Franklin Roosevelt, zero Reagan/Thatcher. New Deal tactics rescued Chile from the Panic of 1983, but the nation's long-term recovery and growth since then is the result of - cover the children's ears - a large dose of socialism.

To save the nation's pension system, Pinochet nationalized banks and industry on a scale unimagined by Communist Allende. The General expropriated at will, offering little or no compensation. While most of these businesses were eventually re-privatized, the state retained ownership of one industry: copper.

For nearly a century, copper has meant Chile and Chile copper. University of Montana metals expert Dr. Janet Finn notes, "Its absurd to describe a nation as a miracle of free enterprise when the engine of the economy remains in government hands." Copper has provided 30% to 70% of the nation's export earnings. This is the hard currency which has built today's Chile, the proceeds from the mines seized from Anaconda and Kennecott in 1973 - Allende's posthumous gift to his nation.

Agribusiness is the second locomotive of Chile's economic growth. This also is a legacy of the Allende years. According to Professor Arturo Vasquez of Georgetown University, Washington DC, Allende's land reform, the break-up of feudal estates (which Pinochet could not fully reverse), created a new class of productive tiller-owners, along with corporate and cooperative operators, who now bring in a stream of export earnings to rival copper. "In order to have an economic miracle," says Dr. Vasquez, "maybe you need a socialist government first to commit agrarian reform."

So there we have it. Keynes and Marx, not Friedman, saved Chile.

But the myth of the free-market Miracle persists because it serves a quasi-religious function. Within the faith of the Reaganauts and Thatcherites, Chile provides the necessary genesis fable, the ersatz Eden from which laissez-faire dogma sprang successful and shining.

In 1998, the international finance Gang of Four - the World Bank, the IMF, the Inter-American Development Bank and the International Bank for Settlements - offered a $41.5 billion line of credit to Brazil. But before the agencies handed the drowning nation a life preserver, they demanded Brazil commit to swallow the economic medicine that nearly killed Chile. You know the list: fire-sale privatizations, flexible labor markets (i.e. union demolition) and deficit reduction through savage cuts in government services and social security.

In Sao Paulo, the public was assured these cruel measures would ultimately benefit the average Brazilian. What looked like financial colonialism was sold as the cure-all tested in Chile with miraculous results.

But that miracle was in fact a hoax, a fraud, a fairy tale in which everyone did not live happily ever after.


Greg Palast


posted by Sepp Hasslberger on Monday December 11 2006
updated on Monday March 3 2008


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Eco Mann | 19 Jun 04:11 2008

MMM. BBC. Arctic sea ice melt 'even faster'.

The most important part of this article may be this:
"Greenland is already losing ice to the oceans, contributing to the gradual rise in sea levels. The ice cap holds enough water to lift sea levels globally by about 7m (22ft) if it all melted."

I believe it is melting faster too.

==== article begins ====

BBC. Arctic sea ice melt 'even faster'. 18 June 2008.

Page last updated at 23:08 GMT, Wednesday, 18 June 2008 00:08 UK

Arctic sea ice melt 'even faster'

By Richard Black
Environment correspondent, BBC News website

A widespread Arctic melt would have major impacts on wildlife

Arctic sea ice is melting even faster than last year, despite a cold winter.

Data from the US National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) shows that the year began with ice covering a larger area than at the beginning of 2007.

But now it is down to levels seen last June, at the beginning of a summer that broke records for sea ice loss.

Scientists on the project say that much of the ice is so thin that it melts easily, and the Arctic may be ice-free in summer within five to 10 years.

I think we're going to beat last year's record, though I'd love to be wrong
Julienne Stroeve
"We had a bit more ice in the winter, although we were still way below the long-term average," said Julienne Stroeve from NSIDC in Boulder, Colorado.

"So we had a partial recovery; but the real issue is that most of the pack ice has become really thin, and if we have a regular summer now, it can just melt away," she told BBC News.

In March, Nasa reported that the area covered by sea ice was slightly larger than in 2007, but much of it consisted of thin floes that had formed during the previous winter. These are much less robust than thicker, less saline floes that have already survived for several years.

After a colder winter, ice has been melting even faster than last year

A few years ago, scientists were predicting ice-free Arctic summers by about 2080. Then computer models started projecting earlier dates, around 2030 to 2050.

Then came the 2007 summer that saw Arctic sea ice shrink to the smallest extent ever recorded, down to 4.2 million sq km from 7.8 million sq km in 1980.

By the end of last year, one research group was forecasting ice-free summers by 2013.

"I think we're going to beat last year's record melt, though I'd love to be wrong," said Dr Stroeve.

"If we do, then I don't think 2013 is far off anymore. If what we think is going to happen does happen, then it'll be within a decade anyway."

Rising tide

Countries surrounding the Arctic are eyeing the economic opportunities that melting ice might bring.

Canada and Russia are exploring soverignity claims over tracts of Arctic seafloor, while just this week President Bush has urged more oil exploration in US waters - which could point the way to exploitation of reserves off the Alaskan coast.

Summer ice cover in the Arctic has declined sharply

But from a climate point of view, the melt could bring global impacts accelerating the rate of warming and of sea level rise.

"This is a positive feedback process," commented Dr Ian Willis, from the Scott Polar Research Institute in Cambridge.

"Sea ice has a higher albedo (reflectivity) than ocean water; so as the ice melts, the water absorbs more of the Sun's energy and warms up more, and that in turn warms the atmosphere more - including the atmosphere over the Greenland ice sheet."

Greenland is already losing ice to the oceans, contributing to the gradual rise in sea levels. The ice cap holds enough water to lift sea levels globally by about 7m (22ft) if it all melted.

Natural climatic cycles such as the Arctic Oscillation play a role in year-to-year variations in ice cover. But Julienne Stroeve believes the sea ice is now so thin that there is little chance of the melting trend turning round.

"If the ice were as thin as it was in the 1970s, last year's conditions would have brought a dip in cover, but nothing exceptional.

"But now it's so thin that you would have to have an exceptional sequence of cold winters and cold summers in order for it to rebuild."



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Eco Mann | 19 Jun 05:49 2008

MMM. 2. NASA. Greenland ice to melt faster than expected. 23 foot rise in sea level.

Considering the latest Arctic ice melt reports, everything is melting faster than predicted. As the ice melts in the Arctic and Greenland there is less reflective white surface area, and there is more heat-absorbing dark seas and lands. This speeds up the melting even more.

"the complete melting of Greenland's ice sheet would raise global sea level by 23 feet."

See - BBC: Arctic sea ice melt 'even faster'.

I would not want to live less than 25 feet above sea level. Even more considering storm surges. Coastal property values will eventually drop when people realize this is happening sooner than expected. Who knows how soon? People living below sea level in parts of New Orleans, parts of Holland, etc. are living very dangerously considering storm surges.

==== article begins ====

NASA: warming is causing Greenland ice to melt faster than expected. Feb. 21, 2008.

NASA: warming is causing Greenland ice to melt faster than expected
February 21, 2008


Warming air temperatures are causing Greenland's ice sheet to melt faster than previously anticipated, reported NASA on Wednesday. Though unlikely, the complete melting of Greenland's ice sheet would raise global sea level by 23 feet.

"The relationship between surface temperature and mass loss lends further credence to earlier work showing rapid response of the ice sheet to surface meltwater," said Dorothy Hall, a senior researcher in Cryospheric Sciences at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, and lead author of the study, published in the January issue of the quarterly Journal of Glaciology.

Microwave data from the Special Sensor Microwave Imaging radiometer was used to create this image of the 2007 Greenland melting anomaly which reflects the difference between the number of melting days occurring in 2007 and the average number of melting days during the period 1988 – 2006. Credit: NASA/Earth Observatory
Using temperature data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument on NASA's Terra satellite and satellite gravity data from NASA's Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) twin satellite system, Hall and colleagues found "a strong connection between melting on ice sheet surfaces in areas below 6,500 feet in elevation, and ice loss throughout the ice sheet's giant mass."

The results seem to confirm that the start of surface melting "triggers mass loss of ice over large areas of the ice sheet."

"We're seeing a close correspondence between the date that surface melting begins, and the date that mass loss of ice begins beneath the surface," Hall said. "This indicates that the meltwater from the surface must be traveling down to the base of the ice sheet -- through over a mile of ice -- very rapidly, where its presence allows the ice at the base to slide forward, speeding the flow of outlet glaciers that discharge icebergs and water into the surrounding ocean."

"If air temperatures continue rising over Greenland, surface melt will continue to play a large role in the overall loss of ice mass."

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I've heard over and over that the complete melting of the ice sheets on Greenland is "unlikely." What evidence is there that is unlikely? So far we've seen ever changing estimates of the melting in various sites--Kilamanjaro, Arctic Ocean, Antarctica, etc. I wish the so-called experts would at least explain why they make that statement. After all, if the oceans could rise 23 feet we should be clear about what is and what is not possible, but let's base it on fact.

Liam O'Mulligan

I suspect that soon the accepted statement on the Greenland Ice melt will change to complete melting of the ice sheets will be "likely". It is only a question of how long. The recent summer of 2007 saw a reduction of the Arctic sea ice cover of over 40% - most extensive reduction ever recorded - and the likelihood that by 2013 the Arctic summers may be "ice free" which would be a tremendous feedback mechanism favouring increased global heating. Also older, "permanent" sea ice has melted away or thinned. Now it appears that this tipping point in the Arctic has been reached.. 100 years ahead of the IPCC projection!! Btw, a near complete melt of the Greenland ice sheet would raise sea levels at least 7 metres. Note that the IPCC report was heavily and deviously editted by countries like the US and China who wish to downplay the projected severity and rapidity of anthropologic global warming and maintain the status quo in terms of CO2 emissions. Here is a site with an interesting downloadable report on what the reputable climate scientists are stating privately... and publically!..

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Eco Mann | 24 Jun 12:12 2008

MMM. Brazilian anthropology association discusses drugs.

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Sergio Vidal <sergiociso-/E1597aS9LRfJ/>
Date: Sat, Jun 21, 2008 at 9:31 PM
Subject: The Brazilian anthropology and the theme of psychoactive

The Brazilian anthropology and the theme of psychoactive


By Bia Labate and Sergio Vidal

Translated by Luana Malheiro


Between last days 1 and 4 of June it occurred at Porto Seguro, in Bahia, Brazil, the biggest event of anthropology of Latin America: the 26ª Anthropology Brazilian Meeting of Brazilian Anthropology Association (ABA). This year the direct of ABA it accepted two proposals to realization one round table discussion and one working group to discussing the "war on drugs".


On June 2, the teacher Edward MacRae, one of the founders-researchers of Neip (Core of interdisciplinary studies on psychoactive) coordinated the round table discussion: "Formal and informal controls of the psychoactive use". On that day, a lot of people crowded the room. The discussion included the exposure of the researcher Thiago Rodrigues (PUC/SP; NEIP), Paulo César Pontes Fraga (UESC), Eduardo Viana Vargas (UFMG) the more recent participant of NEIP.


Eduardo Vargas suggested we should go beyond the categories as "substance itself", "set" and "setting" to think the question of drugs, to think the question of drugs and, from a reading of the theory of Bruno Latour, thinking the "event" of drug use, or ecstase from agenciamento and not agency. Paulo Fraga discussed the symbolic logic and material of marijuana's polygon, and Thiago Rodrigues drew a wide network of historical and political relations and policies that make possible the establishment of prohibition drugs, considering also "the success of the policy failures of the war on drugs" (who interest and why continues the prohibition and complete its goal of banning the consumption of psychoactive substances in the world).


On 3 was the launching of the book "Religiões Ayahuasqueiras: um balanco bibliografico", writing by Bia Labate, Isabel de Rose and Rafael Guimarães dos Santos. In the same day, was also beginning the Working Group Substances Psicoativas: Culture and Politics, which included the exposure of different works on the theme, with emphasis on religious use of psychoactive plants, especially in modalities related to ayahuasca and jurema.


On day 4 were the last two sessions of the GT, with exposures about various topics, such as drug use among academics, at parties raves in the northeast, public service of attendance the dependent, the new law of narcotics and the speeches doctors on drugs, among others.


Sergio Vidal discussed the need for more institutionalization of the discussion on drugs within the Brazilian Association of Anthropology and need more effective dialogue between the anthropology and others knowledge in the task of subsidizing the development og public policies ands laws on the subject. The researcher noted that discussion on drugs has not been part of the discussion in the themes of the standing committees of the ABA.


Moreover, emphasizing the fact that in 2004 the ABA had refused na invitation to attend the Symposium Cannabis Sativa L. and Substances of Cannabis in Medicine and give advice on the question "Should the Cannabis Sativa remain in tier IV of Convention of 1961?", calling attention that this absence may have influenced the decision prepared in Decree 5.912/06 of the wave to an anthropologist ate the National Antidrug Council (CONAD) isn't chosen through an indication of the ABA, but the President of CONAD, General Jorge Armando Felix, Chief Minister of Institutional Security Cabinet of the Presidency of the Republic.


Some of the themes that have preocucupied the researchers in this area relate to legal and ethical issues. In the first field, was the fact that several prominent researchers in the filed ate being prosecuted or threatened qith suffering legal process on the basis or theis activities to research. The second set of issues relates to the challenges that researchers in this area must face in their day-to-day search, as the difficulty to obtain "informed consent" of their informants (signed a paper where the person who says science has about what is the research and who agree to participate in them), frequent demands of the councils of medical ethics, which prevents the limit the activity of the anthropologist, especially those related to the study of illicit activities.


This meeting of the ABA was a particularly fruitful time - arriscaríamos say, even historic - because the ABA has accepted the holding of a Round Table and a GT on psicoativos. Before that, at least where our colleagues managed to remember, only one had occurred on GT psicoativos the 20 th meeting of the ABA in Salvador in 1996 (also organized by Edward MacRae).


Remember that if social scientists criticize the excessive medicalization of debate about the use of psychoactive substances in society, the theme of "drugs" is still quite marginalized within their own social sciences. Apparently, this is beginning to reverse.


Sources: Alto das Estrelas e ANANDA



Sergio Vidal (71) 81771488
Secretário do GIESP; Pesquisador do NEIP;

Novos endereços, o Yahoo! que você conhece. Crie um email novo com a sua cara <at> ou <at>

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Eco Mann | 29 Jun 08:53 2008

MMM. WeedWiki image files, Global Marijuana March


Upload image/file

From WeedWiki

The upload form is at the bottom of the upload page. This page explains how to upload images, and how to place them on wiki pages. It also explains how to choose between fair-use image licenses and free image licenses. To view or search previously uploaded items go to Category:Images or to the list of uploaded files. Uploads and deletions are also logged in the upload log.

Note: Images without source URLs may be deleted. After uploading an image click the edit button on the image page, and add the URL for the exact source page web address for that specific image. If you are uploading your own images this is unnecessary, though still helpful. Be sure to read the overview section below. For questions and comments please go to the talk page: MediaWiki talk:Uploadtext.




An easy way to add multiple images to a page is by using the gallery format. Here is an example:

Image:Incarceration rates worldwide.gif
Image:US incarceration timeline.gif|Timeline. 1920-2006.
Image:Correctional population USA.gif
Image:World incarceration map.gif|Incarceration rates worldwide.


You must be logged in to upload files.

Images free for commercial and non-commercial use can be used anywhere on the WeedWiki.

For and the Wikimedia Commons it is easy to check whether the images copied from those 2 sources are free for both commercial and non-commercial use, as is required for most images on (where WeedWiki is hosted). Those 2 sites have many more editors and methods to verify that images really are free images.

Feel free to upload your own images too. Be sure to pick a free license that is OK here. See the table below. Just say that you created the image and that the image is now free. Pick one of the licenses below with a checkmark.

Statement on image page. License OK here?
© All rights reserved Copyrighted NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-NC-ND NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-NC-SA NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-NC NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-ND NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-SA OK
No rights reserved. Public Domain OK

For more info see the sections below (such as the Flickr images section farther down). See also these wikipedia pages: Flickr and Wikimedia Commons.

Fair-use images

"Fair-use" images can only be used on the most relevant page. Template:Fair use will be added to their image file pages by the uploader or by admins. Here is the wikicode:

{{Fair use}}

That wikicode template produces this info table:

This is a fair-use image, and will only be used on the most relevant page. If an appropriate free-image license is chosen for this image by the creator of this image, then the image can be used anywhere on or off this wiki.

Cannabis event posters, flyers, and banners are an example of fair-use images. Unless the images can be shown to be free images, then these images can only be shown here on the event or city page for that event. These images can be uploaded here, or they can sometimes be externally-hosted images, and can be hotlinked to show up here. See the Externally hosted images section below.

Search for free images

Search for free images from multiple sources:

FIST. Magnus Manske's Free Image Search Tool (Meta-wiki description page). Search tool:

See #Flickr images section below for more free-image search tools.

Image use on Wikia pages

Charlie Drown performs on Share Parker Main Stage, Seattle Hempfest, August 19, 2007. In foreground here, her bassist Lizzie D (Lizzie Daymont).

Wikia uses the same image wikicode as Wikipedia. For more detailed instructions see:

Once uploaded here you can include the image or media file in a page. Use a link in the form of

[[Image:File.jpg]] [[Image:File.png|thumb|Example image caption]] [[Image:File.ogg]]

The last item is an audio file. See Wikipedia:Ogg.

For an enlargeable thumbnail image with a caption see the photo to the right. Click the photo to enlarge it. Click it again to enlarge it further. It uses wikicode in the form of:

[[Image:File.jpg|thumb|Example image caption]]

To post a captioned image in a page, and have no text flowing around the image use wikicode in this form:

[[Image:File.jpg|thumb|none|Example image caption]]

For example:

Example image caption.
Example image caption.

You can put the photo at any width by indicating the width in pixels. See the 250-pixel-wide photo to the near right. It uses wikicode in the form of:

[[Image:File.jpg|thumb|250px|Example image caption]]

The image can be placed on the left side with text flowing around it on the right by using wikicode in this form:

[[Image:File.jpg|thumb|left|250px|Example image caption]]

For more image how-to see Wikipedia:Picture tutorial.

Externally hosted images

For info on using externally hosted images please see:

Here below are the URLs for the full-size and thumbnail versions of the same image:

Note: For images one only has to add "th_" to the URL to get the thumbnail version. Compare the above 2 URLs. For WeedWiki use try to use the thumbnail version of images when the full-size version is more than 100 kilobytes. You can link to the larger version: [1]. To link to it just add single [brackets] to the URL for the large version of the image.

To get the image to show up here just leave the image URL bare. Also, leave a link to the full-size version of the image. See the example below:

The full-size version of the poster can be found here.

A list of acceptable sources of externally hosted images for use on WeedWiki:

For example; these popular image hosts below allow hotlinking, and are also acceptable for use on WeedWiki:

Externally hosted images that are hosted on sites that allow hotlinking are also good for email, forums, etc..

Flickr images

Flickr: and Wikipedia page on Flickr.

Flickr can search for images with free licenses. See:

The statement on Flickr image pages, "This photo is public", DOES NOT SAY ANYTHING ABOUT COPYRIGHT. It only says that the photo is publicly viewable. The copyright license logo and link are located under the "Additional Information" heading on Flickr image pages.

Flickr images have the first seven different licensing options below. Only some licenses are OK here at the site. See: Creative Commons (CC) licensing options.

Statement on image page. License OK here?
© All rights reserved Copyrighted NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-NC-ND NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-NC-SA NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-NC NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-ND NOT OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY OK
Some rights reserved CC-BY-SA OK
No rights reserved. Public Domain OK

"BY" is for attribution, as in a photo is "BY" this person. SA is for Share Alike. Licenses with NC ( - non-commercial use only) or ND ( - no derivative works allowed to be created) are not OK here. If the image is not OK, consider asking the author to release their work under a free license such as CC-BY (Creative Commons Attribution license) or CC-BY-SA (Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike) or Public Domain. Keep in mind that Flickr users often don't know about copyright. If it is suspected that they are not the author of the work, it may be deleted here.

For more info see the Wikimedia Commons upload page for Flickr images and its transcluded text introduction:

When uploading Flickr images you can change the destination filename to something more descriptive and meaningful if you want to. Be sure to upload the 'Original' or 'Large' version of the image, nothing smaller!

Some Flickr photo searches:

Flickr advanced search:

The Flickr advanced search allows searches by date, Creative Commons (CC) license, etc.. Wikia needs free images that can be used both commercially and noncommercially; and that can be modified, adapted, or built upon. So check both those Creative Commons boxes in the advanced search form. Example;
Flickr photos with free CC licenses 'matching' marijuana or marihuana taken May 4-6, 2007:

Automatic import of Flickr images

Note: The help page for this is at w:c:Help:Import free images.

Go to Special:ImportFreeImages and search for free images. Then click on "import this" for any image. The image will be automatically imported with the description page filled out. It is single-click uploading. For an example of an uploaded image using this tool see

Here below are some example searches for various image tags, or combinations of image tags. The image tags must be separated with commas. The first 2 searches are for marijuana spelled with a "j", and marihuana spelled with an "h".



marijuana, march

toronto, marijuana, march

Wikimedia Commons images

Please upload images and media files from the Wikimedia Commons:

Anybody can upload images there by going to this upload page:

All image and media files there are freely usable by anybody for commercial or noncommercial use. See:

Here are a few Wikimedia Commons categories of interest:

If you see a relevant image or media file on the Commons you can upload it here. First, keep clicking the image on the commons until it is at its largest size. Then right-click the image, and save it to your desktop, or somewhere else on your computer. Then use the upload form farther down to upload it here.

Feel free to upload image and media files to the commons, too. The commons carefully reviews uploaded items to be sure that they are freely usable anywhere. If the items are accepted on the commons, then they can be used here or anywhere else.

Upload form

A full list of allowed extensions is available on the wiki version page.

Permitted file types: png, gif, jpg, jpeg, ico, ogg, pdf, xcf, svg, mid, jl, odt, ods, odp, odg, odc, odf, odi, odm.

=======  end =======


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Cannabis Action:
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Casualties, charts:

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Eco Mann | 29 Jun 09:06 2008

MMM. Almost 500 cities. Global Marijuana March since 1999.

Almost 500 cities could use your help in uploading images and links.
Click the "edit" links, and start in on it.


Global Marijuana March

From WeedWiki

[edit] Top



Global Marijuana March (links). Over 484 different cities from 53 different nations have signed up since 1999. 235 cities signed up for May 3, 2008. 232 for May 5, 2007. 204 for May 6, 2006. 183 for May 7, 2005. 165 for May 1, 2004. 235 for May 3, 2003. 199 for May 4, 2002. 119 for May 5, 2001. 104 for May 6, 2000. 31 for May 1, 1999.

The Global Marijuana March (GMM) is also known as the Million Marijuana March (MMM). GMM events worldwide are held the first Saturday in May, or thereabouts. See Global Marijuana March links for many links for reports, photos, videos, press, media, posters, maps, flyers, etc.. For other copies of the complete GMM city list see: [19] [20].

Public-domain charts from [1] [2] [3] [4]. Not copyrighted. Pass on freely.
Timeline. 1920-2006. [5] [6]
USA: Over 7.2 million persons on probation or parole or incarcerated in jail or prison at yearend 2006. [7]
World map showing number of prisoners per 100,000 citizens. [8] [9] [10]

Global Million Marijuana March (GMM-MMM). Links. See also and the GMM Wikipedia page. Photo galleries (1999 to 2008). News media reports: 2008. 2007. 2006. Posters, flyers, banners: 2008 GMM. 2008. 2007 GMM. 2007. 2006. 2005. 2004. 2003. 2002. 2001. 2000. 1999. Marihemp upload. Wikia upload. Wikipedia upload. Marihemp gallery search: city, state, nation. Add name of city to searches: ~ Google: [21] [22] [23] [24]. Google maps: city, state, nation. Google News: [25]. Videos: [26] [27] [28] [29]. Photos: [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35]. Forums: [36] [37]. Blogs: [38]. Yahoo Groups: [39] [40] [41].

City lists:

[edit] Nations

Back to top.

  • The 53 nations are listed in alphabetical order:

Argentina. Australia. Austria. Belarus. Belgium. Bermuda. Brazil. Bulgaria. Canada. Cape Verde. Chile. Colombia. Croatia. Cyprus. Czech Republic. Denmark. Euskal Herria. Finland. France. Germany. Greece. Hungary. Iceland. Ireland. Israel. Italy. Jamaica. Japan. Lithuania. Luxembourg. Mexico. Netherlands. New Zealand. Norway. Peru. Poland. Portugal. Puerto Rico. Romania. Russia. Serbia Slovakia. Slovenia. South Africa. Spain. Sweden. Switzerland. UK. Ukraine. Uruguay. USA. Venezuela. Vietnam.

[edit] City list by region

Back to top.

The cities listed below are in alphabetical order in each region.

Click any city and add info and links. The blue-linked pages already have some info. Please add more.

[edit] Africa

Back to top.

  • 3 cities from 1 nation: South Africa.
  1. Cape Town, South Africa. GMM
  2. Durban, South Africa. GMM
  3. Johannesburg, South Africa. GMM

[edit] Asia

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  • 8 cities from 3 nations: Israel. Japan. Vietnam.
  1. Eilat, Israel. GMM
  2. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. GMM
  3. Jerusalem, Israel. GMM
  4. Nagaoka, Japan. GMM
  5. Osaka, Japan. GMM
  6. Sapporo, Japan. GMM
  7. Tel Aviv, Israel. GMM
  8. Tokyo, Japan. GMM

[edit] Russia

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  • 15 cities.
  1. Bryansk, Russia. GMM
  2. Chelyabinsk, Russia. GMM
  3. Chernovtsy, Russia. GMM
  4. Izhevsk, Russia. GMM
  5. Kaliningrad, Russia. GMM
  6. Kaluga, Russia. GMM
  7. Moscow, Russia. GMM
  8. Novosibirsk, Russia. GMM
  9. Orel, Russia. GMM
  10. Orensburg, Russia. GMM
  11. Samara, Russia. GMM
  12. St. Petersburg, Russia. GMM
  13. Tula, Russia. GMM
  14. Vladivostok, Russia. GMM
  15. Volgograd, Russia. GMM

[edit] Europe

Back to top.

  • 136 cities from 31 nations: Austria. Belarus. Belgium. Bulgaria. Croatia. Cyprus. Czech Republic. Denmark. Euskal Herria. Finland. France. Germany. Greece. Hungary. Ireland. Italy. Lithuania. Luxembourg. Netherlands. Norway. Poland. Portugal. Romania. Serbia. Slovakia. Slovenia. Spain. Sweden. Switzerland. UK. Ukraine.
Lifetime prevalence of cannabis use among all adults (aged 15 to 64 years old) in nationwide surveys among the general population. The darker the shade of green, the higher the percentage. Data taken from EMCDDA (European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction). [11] Click the image for more info, and to see the survey years for each nation. See Adult lifetime cannabis use by country for a detailed chart with the exact percentage of cannabis use for each country.
  1. Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. GMM
  2. Alicante, Spain. GMM
  3. Amsterdam, Netherlands. GMM
  4. Antwerp, Belgium. GMM
  5. Athens, Greece. GMM
  6. Barcelona, Spain. GMM
  7. Basel, Switzerland. GMM
  8. Bedous, France. GMM
  9. Belgrade, Serbia. GMM
  10. Bergen, Norway. GMM
  11. Berlin, Germany. GMM
  12. Bern, Switzerland. GMM
  13. Biel/Bienne, Switzerland. GMM
  14. Bilbao, Spain. GMM
  15. Birmingham, England, UK. GMM
  16. Bologna, Italy. GMM
  17. Bratislava, Slovakia. GMM
  18. Braunschweig, Germany. GMM
  19. Bremen, Germany. GMM
  20. Bristol, England, UK. GMM
  21. Brno, Czech Republic. GMM
  22. Brussels, Belgium. GMM
  23. Bucharest, Romania. GMM
  24. Budapest, Hungary. GMM
  25. Cadiz, Spain. GMM
  26. Castries, France. GMM
  27. Chalon-sur-Saône, France. GMM
  28. Christiania, Denmark. GMM
  29. Cologne, Germany. GMM
  30. Copenhagen, Denmark. GMM
  31. Cork City, Ireland. GMM
  32. Darmstadt, Germany. GMM
  33. Debrecen, Hungary. GMM
  34. Dessau, Germany. GMM
  35. Dublin, Ireland. GMM
  36. Duesseldorf, Germany. GMM
  37. Duisburg, Germany. GMM
  38. Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. GMM
  39. Ellwangen, Germany. GMM
  40. Enschede, Netherlands. GMM
  41. Feldkirch, Austria. GMM
  42. Flensburg, Germany. GMM
  43. Frankenthal, Germany. GMM
  44. Frankfurt, Germany. GMM
  45. Freiburg, Germany. GMM
  46. Geneva, Switzerland. GMM
  47. Hamburg, Germany. GMM
  48. Helsinki, Finland. GMM
  49. Hull, England, UK. GMM
  50. Innsbruck, Austria. GMM
  51. Jyväskylä, Finland. GMM
  52. Kiev, Ukraine. GMM
  53. Krakow, Poland. GMM
  54. Kristiansand, Norway. GMM
  55. Kuopio, Finland. GMM
  56. La Laguna, Spain. GMM
  57. Las Palmas, Spain. GMM
  58. Lausanne, Switzerland. GMM
  59. Lauterbach, Germany. GMM
  60. Leipzig, Germany. GMM
  61. Leon, Spain. GMM
  62. Lille, France. GMM
  63. Limburg, Germany. GMM
  64. Lisbon, Portugal. GMM
  65. Liverpool, England, UK. GMM
  66. Ljubljana, Slovenia. GMM
  67. Locarno, Switzerland. GMM
  68. London, England, UK. GMM
  69. Lugano, Switzerland. GMM
  70. Luxembourg, Luxembourg. GMM
  71. Luzern, Switzerland. GMM
  72. Lyon, France. GMM
  73. Madrid, Spain. GMM
  74. Malaga, Spain. GMM
  75. Manchester, England, UK. GMM
  76. Marburg, Germany. GMM
  77. Maribor, Slovenia. GMM
  78. Marseille, France. GMM
  79. Middlesbrough, UK. GMM
  80. Minsk, Belarus. GMM
  81. Montpellier, France. GMM
  82. Munich, Germany. GMM
  83. Nancy, France. GMM
  84. Nantes, France. GMM
  85. Nicosia, Cyprus. GMM
  86. Nuernberg, Germany. GMM
  87. Nyíregyháza, Hungary. GMM
  88. Oberwart, Austria. GMM
  89. Odessa, Ukraine. GMM
  90. Oslo, Norway. GMM
  91. Oulu, Finland. GMM
  92. Paris, France. GMM
  93. Pécs, Hungary. GMM
  94. Pietarsaari, Finland. GMM
  95. Pilsen (or Plzen), Czech Republic. GMM
  96. Pordenone, Italy. GMM
  97. Porto, Portugal. GMM
  98. Potsdam, Germany. GMM
  99. Poznan, Poland. GMM
  100. Prague, Czech Republic. GMM
  101. Puerto del Rosario, Spain. GMM
  102. Recklinghausen, Germany. GMM
  103. Rennes, France. GMM
  104. Rome, Italy. GMM
  105. Rostock, Germany. GMM
  106. Rotterdam, Netherlands. GMM
  107. Sion, Switzerland. GMM
  108. Sofia, Bulgaria. GMM
  109. Soltau, Germany. GMM
  110. St. Gallen, Switzerland. GMM
  111. Stafford, England, UK. GMM
  112. Stavanger, Norway. GMM
  113. Stockholm, Sweden. GMM
  114. Strasbourg, France. GMM
  115. Stuttgart, Germany. GMM
  116. Szeged, Hungary. GMM
  117. Szombathely, Hungary. GMM
  118. Tampere, Finland. GMM
  119. Telford, UK. GMM
  120. The Hague, Netherlands. GMM
  121. Trier, Germany. GMM
  122. Tromsoe, Norway. GMM
  123. Trondheim, Norway. GMM
  124. Turku, Finland. GMM
  125. Utrecht, Netherlands. GMM
  126. Vienna, Austria. GMM
  127. Viernheim (Südhessen), Germany. GMM
  128. Vigo, Spain. GMM
  129. Vilnius, Lithuania. GMM
  130. Vitoria, Gasteiz, Euskal Herria, Spain. GMM
  131. Warsaw, Poland. GMM
  132. Winterthur, Switzerland. GMM
  133. Wolfenbuttel, Germany. GMM
  134. Zagreb, Croatia. GMM
  135. Zaragoza, Spain. GMM
  136. Zurich, Switzerland. GMM

[edit] Oceania

Back to top.

  • 13 cities from 2 nations: Australia. New Zealand.
  1. Adelaide, Australia. GMM
  2. Auckland, New Zealand. GMM
  3. Canberra, Australia. GMM
  4. Christchurch, New Zealand. GMM
  5. Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. GMM
  6. Dunedin, New Zealand. GMM
  7. Hamilton, New Zealand. GMM
  8. Levin, New Zealand. GMM
  9. Melbourne, Australia. GMM
  10. Motueka, New Zealand. GMM
  11. Napier, New Zealand. GMM
  12. Nimbin, New South Wales, Australia. GMM
  13. Wellington, New Zealand. GMM

[edit] Other islands

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  • 7 cities from 5 nations: Bermuda. Cape Verde. Iceland. Jamaica. Puerto Rico.
  1. Bermuda, Bermuda. GMM
  2. Hamilton, Bermuda. GMM
  3. Kingston, Jamaica. GMM
  4. Mindelo, Cape Verde. GMM
  5. Reykjavik, Iceland. GMM
  6. San Juan, Puerto Rico. GMM
  7. Vega Alta, Puerto Rico. GMM

[edit] South and Central America

Back to top.

  • 26 cities from 8 nations: Argentina. Brazil. Chile. Colombia. Mexico. Peru. Uruguay. Venezuela.
  1. Belo Horizonte, Brazil. GMM
  2. Brasilia, Brazil. GMM
  3. Buenos Aires, Argentina. GMM
  4. Cali, Colombia. GMM
  5. Caracas, Venezuela. GMM
  6. Comodoro Rivadavia, Argentina. GMM
  7. Concepción, Chile. GMM
  8. Cordoba, Argentina. GMM
  9. Cuiaba, Brazil. GMM
  10. Curitiba, Brazil. GMM
  11. El Bolsón, Argentina. GMM
  12. Florianopoles, Brazil. GMM
  13. Leon, Mexico. GMM
  14. Lima, Peru. GMM
  15. Maracaibo, Venezuela. GMM
  16. Mexico City, Mexico. GMM
  17. Montevideo, Uruguay. GMM
  18. Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. GMM
  19. Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. GMM
  20. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. GMM
  21. Rosario, Argentina. GMM
  22. Salvador, Brazil. GMM
  23. Santiago, Chile. GMM
  24. Santos, Brazil. GMM
  25. Sao Paulo, Brazil. GMM
  26. Temuco, Chile. GMM

[edit] Canada

Back to top.

  • 29 cities from 8 provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan.
  1. Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. GMM
  2. Acton, Ontario, Canada. GMM
  3. Athabasca, Alberta, Canada. GMM
  4. Banff, Alberta, Canada. GMM
  5. Brantford, Ontario, Canada. GMM
  6. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. GMM
  7. Castlegar, British Columbia, Canada. GMM
  8. Dauphin, Manitoba, Canada. GMM
  9. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. GMM
  10. Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada. GMM
  11. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. GMM
  12. Hearst, Ontario, Canada. GMM
  13. Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada. GMM
  14. Ladysmith, British Columbia, Canada. GMM
  15. Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. GMM
  16. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. GMM
  17. Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada. GMM
  18. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. GMM
  19. PEI (Prince Edward Island), Canada. GMM
  20. Port Alberni, British Columbia, Canada. GMM
  21. Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. GMM
  22. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. GMM
  23. Sturgeon Falls, Ontario, Canada. GMM
  24. Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. GMM
  25. Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. GMM
  26. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. GMM
  27. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. GMM
  28. Winnepeg, Manitoba, Canada. GMM
  29. Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada. GMM

[edit] United States

Back to top.

  • 247 cities from 49 states: Alabama. Alaska. Arizona. Arkansas. California. Colorado. Connecticut. Delaware. District of Columbia. Florida. Georgia. Hawaii. Idaho. Illinois. Indiana. Iowa. Kansas. Kentucky. Louisiana. Maine. Massachusetts. Michigan. Minnesota. Mississippi. Missouri. Montana. Nebraska. Nevada. New Hampshire. New Jersey. New Mexico. New York. North Carolina. Ohio. Oklahoma. Oregon. Pennsylvania. Rhode Island. South Carolina. South Dakota. Tennessee. Texas. Utah. Vermont. Virginia. Washington. West Virginia. Wisconsin. Wyoming.
Public-domain charts from [12] [13] [14] [15]. Not copyrighted. Pass on freely.
Timeline. 1920-2006. [16] [17]
USA: Over 7.2 million persons on probation or parole or incarcerated in jail or prison at yearend 2006. [18]

  1. Abilene, Texas, USA. GMM
  2. Aiken, Georgia, USA. GMM
  3. Albany, New York, USA. GMM
  4. Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. GMM
  5. Alpine, Texas, USA. GMM
  6. Alva, Oklahoma, USA. GMM
  7. Amarillo, Texas, USA. GMM
  8. Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. GMM
  9. Anchorage, Alaska, USA. GMM
  10. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. GMM
  11. Annapolis, Maryland, USA. GMM
  12. Arcata, California, USA. GMM
  13. Arlington, Texas, USA. GMM
  14. Asheville, North Carolina, USA. GMM
  15. Ashland, Ohio, USA. GMM
  16. Athens, Georgia, USA. GMM
  17. Athens, Ohio, USA. GMM
  18. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. GMM
  19. Augusta, Maine, USA. GMM
  20. Austin, Texas, USA. GMM
  21. Bakersfield, California, USA. GMM
  22. Batesville-Oxford, Mississippi, USA. GMM
  23. Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. GMM
  24. Battle Creek, Michigan, USA. GMM
  25. Bellingham, Washington, USA. GMM
  26. Belmar, New Jersey, USA. GMM
  27. Bend, Oregon, USA. GMM
  28. Birmingham, Alabama, USA. GMM
  29. Bishop, California, USA. GMM
  30. Boca Raton, Florida, USA. GMM
  31. Boise, Idaho, USA. GMM
  32. Boone, North Carolina, USA. GMM
  33. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. GMM
  34. Boulder, Colorado, USA. GMM
  35. Buffalo, New York, USA. GMM
  36. Burlington, Vermont, USA. GMM
  37. Camden, New Jersey, USA. GMM
  38. Carbondale, Illinois, USA. GMM
  39. Casper, Wyoming, USA. GMM
  40. Cassopolis, Michigan, USA. GMM
  41. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. GMM
  42. Charleston, West Virginia, USA. GMM
  43. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. GMM
  44. Chesapeake, Virginia, USA. GMM
  45. Chicago, Illinois, USA. GMM
  46. Chico, California, USA. GMM
  47. Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. GMM
  48. Cleveland, Ohio, USA. GMM
  49. Cocoa Beach, Florida, USA. GMM
  50. Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA. GMM
  51. Columbia, Missouri, USA. GMM
  52. Columbia, South Carolina, USA. GMM
  53. Columbus, Indiana, USA. GMM
  54. Columbus, Ohio, USA. GMM
  55. Concord, New Hampshire, USA. GMM
  56. Cookeville, Tennessee, USA. GMM
  57. Crescent City, California, USA. GMM
  58. Daingerfield, Texas, USA. GMM
  59. Dallas, Texas, USA. GMM
  60. Dayton, Ohio, USA. GMM
  61. DeKalb, Illinois, USA. GMM
  62. Denver, Colorado, USA. GMM
  63. Derry, New Hampshire, USA. GMM
  64. Des Moines, Iowa, USA. GMM
  65. Detroit, Michigan, USA. GMM
  66. Dover, Delaware, USA. GMM
  67. Eaton, Maine, USA. GMM
  68. Eau Claire, Wisconsin, USA. GMM
  69. El Paso, Texas, USA. GMM
  70. Eugene, Oregon, USA. GMM
  71. Eureka, California, USA. GMM
  72. Everman, Texas, USA. GMM
  73. Fairbanks, Alaska, USA. GMM
  74. Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA. GMM
  75. Flagstaff, Arizona, USA. GMM
  76. Flint, Michigan, USA. GMM
  77. Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA. GMM
  78. Fresno, California, USA. GMM
  79. Ft. Bragg, California, USA. GMM
  80. Ft. Collins, Colorado, USA. GMM
  81. Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA. GMM
  82. Ft. Myers, Florida, USA. GMM
  83. Ft. Smith, Arkansas, USA. GMM
  84. Ft. Wayne, Indiana, USA. GMM
  85. Ft. Worth, Texas, USA. GMM
  86. Gainesville, Florida, USA. GMM
  87. Garberville, California, USA. GMM
  88. Grand Island, Nebraska, USA. GMM
  89. Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA. GMM
  90. Gunnison, Missouri, USA. GMM
  91. Hachita, New Mexico, USA. GMM
  92. Hanford, California, USA. GMM
  93. Hartford, Connecticut, USA. GMM
  94. Havazu City, Arizona, USA. GMM
  95. Hayward, California, USA. GMM
  96. Hilo, Hawaii, USA. GMM
  97. Homer, Alaska, USA. GMM
  98. Houston, Texas, USA. GMM
  99. Huntsville, Alabama, USA. GMM
  100. Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. GMM
  101. Iowa City, Iowa, USA. GMM
  102. Ithaca, New York, USA. GMM
  103. Jackson, Mississippi, USA. GMM
  104. Jacksonville, Florida, USA. GMM
  105. Jefferson City, Missouri, USA. GMM
  106. Juneau, Alaska, USA. GMM
  107. Kailua-Kona, Hawaii, USA. GMM
  108. Kansas City, Kansas, USA. GMM
  109. Kansas City, Missouri, USA. GMM
  110. Kendallville, Indiana, USA. GMM
  111. Kent, Ohio, USA. GMM
  112. Knoxville, Tennessee, USA. GMM
  113. Lansing, Michigan, USA. GMM
  114. Largo, Florida, USA. GMM
  115. Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. GMM
  116. Lawrence, Kansas, USA. GMM
  117. Lawton, Oklahoma, USA. GMM
  118. Leadville, Colorado, USA. GMM
  119. Lebanon, Pennsylvania, USA. GMM
  120. Lexington, Kentucky, USA. GMM
  121. Lima, Ohio, USA. GMM
  122. Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. GMM
  123. Los Angeles, California, USA. GMM
  124. Louisville, Kentucky, USA. GMM
  125. Lubbock, Texas, USA. GMM
  126. Macon, Georgia, USA. GMM
  127. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. GMM
  128. Manchester, Connecticut, USA. GMM
  129. Manley Hot Springs, Alaska, USA. GMM
  130. Marysville, California, USA. GMM
  131. Melbourne, Florida, USA. GMM
  132. Memphis, Tennessee, USA. GMM
  133. Miami, Florida, USA. GMM
  134. Miamitown, Florida, USA. GMM
  135. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. GMM
  136. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. GMM
  137. Missoula, Montana, USA. GMM
  138. Mobile, Alabama, USA. GMM
  139. Montpelier, Vermont, USA. GMM
  140. Moscow, Idaho, USA. GMM
  141. Mount Shasta, California, USA. GMM
  142. Napa, California, USA. GMM
  143. Nashua, New Hampshire, USA. GMM
  144. Nashville, Tennessee, USA. GMM
  145. Nettleton, Mississippi, USA. GMM
  146. New Haven, Connecticut, USA. GMM
  147. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. GMM
  148. New Paltz, New York, USA. GMM
  149. New York City, New York, USA. GMM
  150. Newark, Delaware, USA. GMM
  151. Newton, Kansas, USA. GMM
  152. Normal, Illinois, USA. GMM
  153. Oberlin, Ohio, USA. GMM
  154. Ogden, Utah, USA. GMM
  155. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA. GMM
  156. Olympia, Washington, USA. GMM
  157. Omaha, Nebraska, USA. GMM
  158. Orlando, Florida, USA. GMM
  159. Paducah, Kentucky, USA. GMM
  160. Pagosa Springs, Colorado, USA. GMM
  161. Paia, Hawaii, USA. GMM
  162. Palm Springs, California, USA. GMM
  163. Paradise, California, USA. GMM
  164. Parkersburg, West Virginia, USA. GMM
  165. Patterson, California, USA. GMM
  166. Peoria, Illinois, USA. GMM
  167. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. GMM
  168. Phoenix, Arizona, USA. GMM
  169. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. GMM
  170. Pomona, California, USA. GMM
  171. Portland, Maine, USA. GMM
  172. Portland, Oregon, USA. GMM
  173. Potsdam, New York, USA. GMM
  174. Providence, Rhode Island, USA. GMM
  175. Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina, USA. GMM
  176. Rapid City, South Dakota, USA. GMM
  177. Redding, California, USA. GMM
  178. Reno, Nevada, USA. GMM
  179. Richmond, Virginia, USA. GMM
  180. Riverton, Wyoming, USA. GMM
  181. Roanoke, Virginia, USA. GMM
  182. Rochester, New York, USA. GMM
  183. Rockford, Illinois, USA. GMM
  184. Sacramento, California, USA. GMM
  185. Salem, Oregon, USA. GMM
  186. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. GMM
  187. San Diego, California, USA. GMM
  188. San Francisco, California, USA. GMM
  189. San Luis Obispo, California, USA. GMM
  190. San Marcos, Texas, USA. GMM
  191. Santa Barbara, California, USA. GMM
  192. Santa Clara, California, USA. GMM
  193. Santa Cruz, California, USA. GMM
  194. Santa Rosa, California, USA. GMM
  195. Sarasota, Florida, USA. GMM
  196. Savannah, Georgia, USA. GMM
  197. Schertz, Texas, USA. GMM
  198. Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA. GMM
  199. Seattle, Washington, USA. GMM
  200. Seminole, Florida, USA. GMM
  201. Sioux City, Iowa, USA. GMM
  202. Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA. GMM
  203. South Bend, Indiana, USA. GMM
  204. Spokane, Washington, USA. GMM
  205. Springfield, Illinois, USA. GMM
  206. Springfield, Missouri, USA. GMM
  207. St. Louis, Missouri, USA. GMM
  208. St. Petersburg, Florida, USA. GMM
  209. Starks, Maine, USA. GMM
  210. Steamboat Springs, Colorado, USA. GMM
  211. Steven's Point, Wisconsin, USA. GMM
  212. Stockton, California, USA. GMM
  213. Stuart, Florida, USA. GMM
  214. Sulphur Springs, Texas, USA. GMM
  215. Summit, New Jersey, USA. GMM
  216. Syracuse, New York, USA. GMM
  217. Tallahassee, Florida, USA. GMM
  218. Tampa, Florida, USA. GMM
  219. Taos, New Mexico, USA. GMM
  220. Telluride, Colorado, USA. GMM
  221. Toledo, Ohio, USA. GMM
  222. Traverse City, Michigan, USA. GMM
  223. Tucson, Arizona, USA. GMM
  224. Tupelo, Mississippi, USA. GMM
  225. Ukiah, California, USA. GMM
  226. Upper Lake, California, USA. GMM
  227. Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA. GMM
  228. Vacaville, California, USA. GMM
  229. Ventura, California, USA. GMM
  230. Vermilion, Ohio, USA. GMM
  231. Vine Grove, Kentucky, USA. GMM
  232. Visalia, California, USA. GMM
  233. Waco, Texas, USA. GMM
  234. Waikiki, Hawaii, USA. GMM
  235. Walton, Kansas, USA. GMM
  236. Washington, District of Columbia, USA. GMM
  237. Watertown, New York, USA. GMM
  238. Wenatchee, Washington, USA. GMM
  239. Wichita, Kansas, USA. GMM
  240. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, USA. GMM
  241. Wilmington, Delaware, USA. GMM
  242. Winona, Minnesota, USA. GMM
  243. Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA. GMM
  244. Woodstock, New York, USA. GMM
  245. Worcester, Massachusetts, USA. GMM
  246. Yellow Springs, Ohio, USA. GMM
  247. Yuba City, California, USA. GMM

[edit] Numbering the cities

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The freeware NoteTab Light [42] was used to quickly create the wiki code for each city. The wiki code is converted by the wiki software into a numbered, clickable city list. The wiki code is in this form below, or a variation of it.


For an explanation and how-to tips see Global Marijuana March 2008.



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