Picon

FW: problem with tz database

Julian cable is not on the time zone mailing list; direct (further)
replies appropriately.

Whenever a zone of the form XXXnYYY is used and there's no associated
time zone data file, the time package generates results appropriate for
a place where the standard time abbreviation is XXX, the daylight saving
time abbreviation is YYY and the offset from UCT/UTC is n hours.
Improvidently, the package assumes that United States rules about when
to start and end daylight saving time are in effect; this accounts for
the GMT0BST results below.

				--ado
________________________________

From: Julian Cable [mailto:julian.cable <at> bbc.co.uk] 
Sent: Tuesday, November 01, 2005 8:11 AM
To: tz <at> lecserver.nci.nih.gov
Subject: problem with tz database

The following two entries are correct: 

ws-drm2:~# zdump -v WET | grep 2005 
WET  Sun Mar 27 00:59:59 2005 UTC = Sun Mar 27 00:59:59 2005 WET isdst=0
gmtoff=0 
WET  Sun Mar 27 01:00:00 2005 UTC = Sun Mar 27 02:00:00 2005 WEST
isdst=1 gmtoff=3600 
WET  Sun Oct 30 00:59:59 2005 UTC = Sun Oct 30 01:59:59 2005 WEST
isdst=1 gmtoff=3600 
WET  Sun Oct 30 01:00:00 2005 UTC = Sun Oct 30 01:00:00 2005 WET isdst=0
gmtoff=0 
(Continue reading)

Picon

FW: missing translation in zdump

Jakub Bogusz is not on the time zone mailing list; direct replies
appropriately.

				--ado 

-----Original Message-----
From: Jakub Bogusz [mailto:qboosh <at> pld-linux.org] 
Sent: Saturday, November 05, 2005 1:54 AM
To: tz <at> lecserver.nci.nih.gov
Subject: missing translation in zdump

Hello,

I found that zdump from tzcode2005* (up to 2005n) is missing gettext
call for one string (line 228 in zdump.c from tzcode2005n):
"%s: warning: zone \"%s\" abbreviation \"%s\" %s\n"

Patch attached.

--

-- 
Jakub Bogusz    http://qboosh.cs.net.pl/

--- tzcode2005n/zdump.c.orig	2005-10-17 07:14:28.000000000 +0200
+++ tzcode2005n/zdump.c	2005-11-05 07:33:38.167505808 +0100
 <at>  <at>  -225,7 +225,7  <at>  <at> 
 		return;
 	(void) fflush(stdout);
 	(void) fprintf(stderr,
-		"%s: warning: zone \"%s\" abbreviation \"%s\" %s\n",
+		_("%s: warning: zone \"%s\" abbreviation \"%s\" %s\n"),
(Continue reading)

Picon

FW: DST rules change for Georgia

Teimuraz Abashidze is not on the time zone mailing list; direct replies
appropriately.

				--ado 

-----Original Message-----
From: Teimuraz Abashidze (IT) [mailto:tabashidze <at> geocell.com.ge] 
Sent: Monday, November 07, 2005 8:06 AM
To: tz <at> lecserver.nci.nih.gov
Subject: DST rules change for Georgia

Hello tz <at> elsie.nci.nih.gov,

  Dear sir! I've posted on bugzilla new bug #172279, and they told me
  to contact you:

You need to discuss this with upstream, i.e. tz <at> elsie.nci.nih.gov When
upstream accepts a change and incorporates it, we'll then update our
packages.  But as a rule for tzdata we use the timezone data unmodified
from upstream.

Description of problem:
It's not actually a BUG. Government of Georgia (ExUSSR, Caucasia,
capital city Tbilisi) decided to NOT CHANGE daylight sayvings time at 30
Sep. night, as it was done before during last more than 10 years.
Currently, we are in fact GMT +4:00, as before 30 October it was GMT
+3:00. Currently http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_GE.aspx
shows correct time for us. The problem is, there is NO FORMAL LAW or
governmental document about it. A sfar as I can find, I was told, that
there is no document, because we just DIDN'T ISSUE document about
(Continue reading)

Picon

FW: Adjustment to Australian Daylight Time 2005/2006

Jason Tubnor is not on the time zone mailing list; direct replies appropriately.

                                --ado

-----Original Message-----
From: Jason Tubnor [mailto:jason <at> tubnor.net]
Sent: Monday, November 07, 2005 3:54 AM
To: tz <at> lecserver.nci.nih.gov
Subject: Adjustment to Australian Daylight Time 2005/2006

Hi,

Please find attached the modified australiasia zoneinfo src file.  This includes required modification for Commonwealth Games extension to the AEDT for 2005/2006 by one week.  Original source file was taken from the OpenBSD src tree (2005/11/07)

If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me.  Revision and reference information is in the file.

Cheers,

Jason Tubnor

# $OpenBSD: australasia,v 1.22 2005/11/07 15:48:37 millert Exp $
#  <at> (#)australasia	7.73
# This file also includes Pacific islands.

# Notes are at the end of this file

###############################################################################

# Australia

# Please see the notes below for the controversy about "EST" versus "AEST" etc.

# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	Aus	1917	only	-	Jan	 1	0:01	1:00	-
Rule	Aus	1917	only	-	Mar	25	2:00	0	-
Rule	Aus	1942	only	-	Jan	 1	2:00	1:00	-
Rule	Aus	1942	only	-	Mar	29	2:00	0	-
Rule	Aus	1942	only	-	Sep	27	2:00	1:00	-
Rule	Aus	1943	1944	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00	0	-
Rule	Aus	1943	only	-	Oct	 3	2:00	1:00	-
# Go with Whitman and the Australian National Standards Commission, which
# says W Australia didn't use DST in 1943/1944.  Ignore Whitman's claim that
# 1944/1945 was just like 1943/1944.

# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
# Northern Territory
Zone Australia/Darwin	 8:43:20 -	LMT	1895 Feb
			 9:00	-	CST	1899 May
			 9:30	Aus	CST
# Western Australia
Zone Australia/Perth	 7:43:24 -	LMT	1895 Dec
			 8:00	Aus	WST	1943 Jul
			 8:00	-	WST	1974 Oct lastSun 2:00s
			 8:00	1:00	WST	1975 Mar Sun>=1 2:00s
			 8:00	-	WST	1983 Oct lastSun 2:00s
			 8:00	1:00	WST	1984 Mar Sun>=1 2:00s
			 8:00	-	WST	1991 Nov 17 2:00s
			 8:00	1:00	WST	1992 Mar Sun>=1 2:00s
			 8:00	-	WST
# Queensland
#
# From Alex Livingston (1996-11-01):
# I have heard or read more than once that some resort islands off the coast
# of Queensland chose to keep observing daylight-saving time even after
# Queensland ceased to.
#
# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
# IATA SSIM (1993-02/1994-09) say that the Holiday Islands (Hayman, Lindeman,
# Hamilton) observed DST for two years after the rest of Queensland stopped.
# Hamilton is the largest, but there is also a Hamilton in Victoria,
# so use Lindeman.
#
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	AQ	1971	only	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AQ	1972	only	-	Feb	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AQ	1989	1991	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AQ	1990	1992	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	Holiday	1992	1993	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	Holiday	1993	1994	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Zone Australia/Brisbane	10:12:08 -	LMT	1895
			10:00	Aus	EST	1971
			10:00	AQ	EST
Zone Australia/Lindeman  9:55:56 -	LMT	1895
			10:00	Aus	EST	1971
			10:00	AQ	EST	1992 Jul
			10:00	Holiday	EST

# South Australia
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	AS	1971	1985	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AS	1986	only	-	Oct	19	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AS	1987	max	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AS	1972	only	-	Feb	27	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	1973	1985	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	1986	1989	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	1990	only	-	Mar	Sun>=18	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	1991	only	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	1992	only	-	Mar	Sun>=18	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	1993	only	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	1994	only	-	Mar	Sun>=18	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	1995	2005	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	2006	only	-	Apr	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AS	2007	max	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Australia/Adelaide	9:14:20 -	LMT	1895 Feb
			9:00	-	CST	1899 May
			9:30	Aus	CST	1971
			9:30	AS	CST

# Tasmania
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	AT	1967	only	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AT	1968	only	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	1968	1985	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AT	1969	1971	-	Mar	Sun>=8	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	1972	only	-	Feb	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	1973	1981	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	1982	1983	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	1984	1986	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	1986	only	-	Oct	Sun>=15	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AT	1987	1990	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	1987	only	-	Oct	Sun>=22	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AT	1988	1990	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AT	1991	1999	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AT	1991	2005	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	2000	only	-	Aug	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AT	2001	max	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AT	2006	only	-	Apr	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AT	2007	max	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Australia/Hobart	9:49:16	-	LMT	1895 Sep
			10:00	-	EST	1916 Oct 1 2:00
			10:00	1:00	EST	1917 Feb
			10:00	Aus	EST	1967
			10:00	AT	EST

# Victoria
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	AV	1971	1985	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AV	1972	only	-	Feb	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AV	1973	1985	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AV	1986	1990	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AV	1986	1987	-	Oct	Sun>=15	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AV	1988	1999	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AV	1991	1994	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AV	1995	2005	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AV	2000	only	-	Aug	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AV	2001	max	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AV	2006	only	-	Apr	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AV	2007	max	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Australia/Melbourne 9:39:52 -	LMT	1895 Feb
			10:00	Aus	EST	1971
			10:00	AV	EST

# New South Wales
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	AN	1971	1985	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AN	1972	only	-	Feb	27	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AN	1973	1981	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AN	1982	only	-	Apr	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AN	1983	1985	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AN	1986	1989	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AN	1986	only	-	Oct	19	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AN	1987	1999	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AN	1990	1995	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AN	1996	2005	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AN	2000	only	-	Aug	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AN	2001	max	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
Rule	AN	2006	only	-	Apr	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
Rule	AN	2007	max	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Australia/Sydney	10:04:52 -	LMT	1895 Feb
			10:00	Aus	EST	1971
			10:00	AN	EST
Zone Australia/Broken_Hill 9:25:48 -	LMT	1895 Feb
			10:00	-	EST	1896 Aug 23
			9:00	-	CST	1899 May
			9:30	Aus	CST	1971
			9:30	AN	CST	2000
			9:30	AS	CST

# Lord Howe Island
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	LH	1981	1984	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	-
Rule	LH	1982	1985	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00	0	-
Rule	LH	1985	only	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	0:30	-
Rule	LH	1986	1989	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:00	0	-
Rule	LH	1986	only	-	Oct	19	2:00	0:30	-
Rule	LH	1987	1999	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	0:30	-
Rule	LH	1990	1995	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00	0	-
Rule	LH	1996	max	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00	0	-
Rule	LH	2000	only	-	Aug	lastSun	2:00	0:30	-
Rule	LH	2001	max	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	0:30	-
Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 -	LMT	1895 Feb
			10:00	-	EST	1981 Mar
			10:30	LH	LHST

# Australian miscellany
#
# Ashmore Is, Cartier
# no indigenous inhabitants; only seasonal caretakers
# like Australia/Perth, says Turner
#
# Coral Sea Is
# no indigenous inhabitants; only meteorologists
# no information
#
# Macquarie
# permanent occupation (scientific station) since 1948;
# sealing and penguin oil station operated 1888/1917
# like Australia/Hobart, says Turner

# Christmas
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Indian/Christmas	7:02:52 -	LMT	1895 Feb
			7:00	-	CXT	# Christmas Island Time

# Cook Is
# From Shanks:
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	Cook	1978	only	-	Nov	12	0:00	0:30	HS
Rule	Cook	1979	1991	-	Mar	Sun>=1	0:00	0	-
Rule	Cook	1979	1990	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00	0:30	HS
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Rarotonga	-10:39:04 -	LMT	1901		# Avarua
			-10:30	-	CKT	1978 Nov 12	# Cook Is Time
			-10:00	Cook	CK%sT

# Cocos
# These islands were ruled by the Ross family from about 1830 to 1978.
# We don't know when standard time was introduced; for now, we guess 1900.
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Indian/Cocos	6:27:40	-	LMT	1900
			6:30	-	CCT	# Cocos Islands Time

# Fiji
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	Fiji	1998	1999	-	Nov	Sun>=1	2:00	1:00	S
Rule	Fiji	1999	2000	-	Feb	lastSun	3:00	0	-
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Fiji	11:53:40 -	LMT	1915 Oct 26	# Suva
			12:00	Fiji	FJ%sT	# Fiji Time

# French Polynesia
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Gambier	 -8:59:48 -	LMT	1912 Oct	# Rikitea
			 -9:00	-	GAMT	# Gambier Time
Zone	Pacific/Marquesas -9:18:00 -	LMT	1912 Oct
			 -9:30	-	MART	# Marquesas Time
Zone	Pacific/Tahiti	 -9:58:16 -	LMT	1912 Oct	# Papeete
			-10:00	-	TAHT	# Tahiti Time
# Clipperton (near North America) is administered from French Polynesia;
# it is uninhabited.

# Guam
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Guam	-14:21:00 -	LMT	1844 Dec 31
			 9:39:00 -	LMT	1901		# Agana
			10:00	-	GST	2000 Dec 23	# Guam
			10:00	-	ChST	# Chamorro Standard Time

# Kiribati
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Tarawa	 11:32:04 -	LMT	1901		# Bairiki
			 12:00	-	GILT		 # Gilbert Is Time
Zone Pacific/Enderbury	-11:24:20 -	LMT	1901
			-12:00	-	PHOT	1979 Oct # Phoenix Is Time
			-11:00	-	PHOT	1995
			 13:00	-	PHOT
Zone Pacific/Kiritimati	-10:29:20 -	LMT	1901
			-10:40	-	LINT	1979 Oct # Line Is Time
			-10:00	-	LINT	1995
			 14:00	-	LINT

# N Mariana Is
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Saipan	-14:17:00 -	LMT	1844 Dec 31
			 9:43:00 -	LMT	1901
			 9:00	-	MPT	1969 Oct # N Mariana Is Time
			10:00	-	MPT	2000 Dec 23
			10:00	-	ChST	# Chamorro Standard Time

# Marshall Is
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Majuro	11:24:48 -	LMT	1901
			11:00	-	MHT	1969 Oct # Marshall Islands Time
			12:00	-	MHT
Zone Pacific/Kwajalein	11:09:20 -	LMT	1901
			11:00	-	MHT	1969 Oct
			-12:00	-	KWAT	1993 Aug 20	# Kwajalein Time
			12:00	-	MHT

# Micronesia
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Yap	9:12:32	-	LMT	1901		# Colonia
			9:00	-	YAPT	1969 Oct	# Yap Time
			10:00	-	YAPT
Zone Pacific/Truk	10:07:08 -	LMT	1901
			10:00	-	TRUT			# Truk Time
Zone Pacific/Ponape	10:32:52 -	LMT	1901		# Kolonia
			11:00	-	PONT			# Ponape Time
Zone Pacific/Kosrae	10:51:56 -	LMT	1901
			11:00	-	KOST	1969 Oct	# Kosrae Time
			12:00	-	KOST	1999
			11:00	-	KOST

# Nauru
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Nauru	11:07:40 -	LMT	1921 Jan 15	# Uaobe
			11:30	-	NRT	1942 Mar 15	# Nauru Time
			9:00	-	JST	1944 Aug 15
			11:30	-	NRT	1979 May
			12:00	-	NRT

# New Caledonia
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	NC	1977	1978	-	Dec	Sun>=1	0:00	1:00	S
Rule	NC	1978	1979	-	Feb	27	0:00	0	-
Rule	NC	1996	only	-	Dec	 1	2:00s	1:00	S
# Shanks says the following was at 2:00; go with IATA.
Rule	NC	1997	only	-	Mar	 2	2:00s	0	-
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Noumea	11:05:48 -	LMT	1912 Jan 13
			11:00	NC	NC%sT


###############################################################################

# New Zealand

# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	NZ	1927	only	-	Nov	 6	2:00	1:00	S
Rule	NZ	1928	only	-	Mar	 4	2:00	0	M
Rule	NZ	1928	1933	-	Oct	Sun>=8	2:00	0:30	S
Rule	NZ	1929	1933	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:00	0	M
Rule	NZ	1934	1940	-	Apr	lastSun	2:00	0	M
Rule	NZ	1934	1940	-	Sep	lastSun	2:00	0:30	S
Rule	NZ	1946	only	-	Jan	 1	0:00	0	S
# Since 1957 Chatham has been 45 minutes ahead of NZ, but there's no
# convenient notation for this so we must duplicate the Rule lines.
Rule	NZ	1974	only	-	Nov	Sun>=1	2:00s	1:00	D
Rule	Chatham	1974	only	-	Nov	Sun>=1	2:45s	1:00	D
Rule	NZ	1975	only	-	Feb	lastSun	2:00s	0	S
Rule	Chatham	1975	only	-	Feb	lastSun	2:45s	0	S
Rule	NZ	1975	1988	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	D
Rule	Chatham	1975	1988	-	Oct	lastSun	2:45s	1:00	D
Rule	NZ	1976	1989	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	S
Rule	Chatham	1976	1989	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:45s	0	S
Rule	NZ	1989	only	-	Oct	Sun>=8	2:00s	1:00	D
Rule	Chatham	1989	only	-	Oct	Sun>=8	2:45s	1:00	D
Rule	NZ	1990	max	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00s	1:00	D
Rule	Chatham	1990	max	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:45s	1:00	D
Rule	NZ	1990	max	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:00s	0	S
Rule	Chatham	1990	max	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:45s	0	S
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Auckland	11:39:04 -	LMT	1868 Nov  2
			11:30	NZ	NZ%sT	1946 Jan  1
			12:00	NZ	NZ%sT
Zone Pacific/Chatham	12:13:48 -	LMT	1957 Jan  1
			12:45	Chatham	CHA%sT


# Auckland Is
# uninhabited; Maori and Moriori, colonial settlers, pastoralists, sealers,
# and scientific personnel have wintered

# Campbell I
# minor whaling stations operated 1909/1914
# scientific station operated 1941/1995;
# previously whalers, sealers, pastoralists, and scientific personnel wintered
# was probably like Pacific/Auckland

###############################################################################


# Niue
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Niue	-11:19:40 -	LMT	1901		# Alofi
			-11:20	-	NUT	1951	# Niue Time
			-11:30	-	NUT	1978 Oct 1
			-11:00	-	NUT

# Norfolk
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Norfolk	11:11:52 -	LMT	1901		# Kingston
			11:12	-	NMT	1951	# Norfolk Mean Time
			11:30	-	NFT		# Norfolk Time

# Palau (Belau)
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Palau	8:57:56 -	LMT	1901		# Koror
			9:00	-	PWT	# Palau Time

# Papua New Guinea
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 -	LMT	1880
			9:48:32	-	PMMT	1895	# Port Moresby Mean Time
			10:00	-	PGT		# Papua New Guinea Time

# Pitcairn
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Pitcairn	-8:40:20 -	LMT	1901		# Adamstown
			-8:30	-	PNT	1998 Apr 27 00:00
			-8:00	-	PST	# Pitcairn Standard Time

# American Samoa
Zone Pacific/Pago_Pago	 12:37:12 -	LMT	1879 Jul  5
			-11:22:48 -	LMT	1911
			-11:30	-	SAMT	1950		# Samoa Time
			-11:00	-	NST	1967 Apr	# N=Nome
			-11:00	-	BST	1983 Nov 30	# B=Bering
			-11:00	-	SST			# S=Samoa

# Samoa
Zone Pacific/Apia	 12:33:04 -	LMT	1879 Jul  5
			-11:26:56 -	LMT	1911
			-11:30	-	SAMT	1950		# Samoa Time
			-11:00	-	WST			# Samoa Time

# Solomon Is
# excludes Bougainville, for which see Papua New Guinea
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 -	LMT	1912 Oct	# Honiara
			11:00	-	SBT	# Solomon Is Time

# Tokelau Is
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Fakaofo	-11:24:56 -	LMT	1901
			-10:00	-	TKT	# Tokelau Time

# Tonga
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	Tonga	1999	only	-	Oct	 7	2:00s	1:00	S
Rule	Tonga	2000	only	-	Mar	19	2:00s	0	-
Rule	Tonga	2000	2001	-	Nov	Sun>=1	2:00	1:00	S
Rule	Tonga	2001	2002	-	Jan	lastSun	2:00	0	-
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Tongatapu	12:19:20 -	LMT	1901
			12:20	-	TOT	1941 # Tonga Time
			13:00	-	TOT	1999
			13:00	Tonga	TO%sT

# Tuvalu
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Funafuti	11:56:52 -	LMT	1901
			12:00	-	TVT	# Tuvalu Time


# US minor outlying islands

# Howland, Baker
# uninhabited since World War II
# no information; was probably like Pacific/Pago_Pago

# Jarvis
# uninhabited since 1958
# no information; was probably like Pacific/Kiritimati

# Johnston
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Johnston	-10:00	-	HST

# Kingman
# uninhabited

# Midway
#
# From Mark Brader (2005-01-23):
# [Fallacies and Fantasies of Air Transport History, by R.E.G. Davies,
# published 1994 by Paladwr Press, McLean, VA, USA; ISBN 0-9626483-5-3]
# reproduced a Pan American Airways timeables from 1936, for their weekly
# "Orient Express" flights between San Francisco and Manila, and connecting
# flights to Chicago and the US East Coast.  As it uses some time zone
# designations that I've never seen before:....
# Fri. 6:30A Lv. HONOLOLU (Pearl Harbor), H.I.   H.L.T. Ar. 5:30P Sun.
#  "   3:00P Ar. MIDWAY ISLAND . . . . . . . . . M.L.T. Lv. 6:00A  "
#
Zone Pacific/Midway	-11:49:28 -	LMT	1901
			-11:00	-	NST	1956 Jun  3
			-11:00	1:00	NDT	1956 Sep  2
			-11:00	-	NST	1967 Apr	# N=Nome
			-11:00	-	BST	1983 Nov 30	# B=Bering
			-11:00	-	SST			# S=Samoa

# Palmyra
# uninhabited since World War II; was probably like Pacific/Kiritimati

# Wake
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Wake	11:06:28 -	LMT	1901
			12:00	-	WAKT	# Wake Time


# Vanuatu
# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	Vanuatu	1983	only	-	Sep	25	0:00	1:00	S
Rule	Vanuatu	1984	1991	-	Mar	Sun>=23	0:00	0	-
Rule	Vanuatu	1984	only	-	Oct	23	0:00	1:00	S
Rule	Vanuatu	1985	1991	-	Sep	Sun>=23	0:00	1:00	S
Rule	Vanuatu	1992	1993	-	Jan	Sun>=23	0:00	0	-
Rule	Vanuatu	1992	only	-	Oct	Sun>=23	0:00	1:00	S
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Efate	11:13:16 -	LMT	1912 Jan 13		# Vila
			11:00	Vanuatu	VU%sT	# Vanuatu Time

# Wallis and Futuna
# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	Pacific/Wallis	12:15:20 -	LMT	1901
			12:00	-	WFT	# Wallis & Futuna Time

###############################################################################

# NOTES

# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
# tz <at> elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).

# Commonwealth Games Addition, Jason Tubnor (2005-11-07):
# Due to the Commonwealth Games occuring in Melbourne next year
# the Victorian, NSW, ACT and South Australian state 
# governments / teritories have declared a one week extension
# to daylight savings time.  See states reference on Tasmanian 
# government website:
# http://www.dpac.tas.gov.au/divisions/policy/daylightsavings
#
# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
#
# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
# published semiannually.  Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990.
#
# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
#
# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
# I found in the UCLA library.
#
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
#
# I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
# Corrections are welcome!
#		std dst
#		LMT	Local Mean Time
#	  8:00	WST WST	Western Australia
#	  9:00	JST	Japan
#	  9:30	CST CST	Central Australia
#	 10:00	EST EST	Eastern Australia
#	 10:00	ChST	Chamorro
#	 10:30	LHST LHST Lord Howe*
#	 11:30	NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945
#	 12:00	NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present
#	 12:45	CHAST CHADT Chatham*
#	-11:00	SST	Samoa
#	-10:00	HST	Hawaii
#	- 8:00	PST	Pitcairn*
#
# See the `northamerica' file for Hawaii.
# See the `southamerica' file for Easter I and the Galapagos Is.

###############################################################################

# Australia

# <a href="http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html">
# Australia's Daylight Saving Times
# </a>, by Margaret Turner, summarizes daylight saving issues in Australia.

# From John Mackin (1991-03-06):
# We in Australia have _never_ referred to DST as `daylight' time.
# It is called `summer' time.  Now by a happy coincidence, `summer'
# and `standard' happen to start with the same letter; hence, the
# abbreviation does _not_ change...
# The legislation does not actually define abbreviations, at least
# in this State, but the abbreviation is just commonly taken to be the
# initials of the phrase, and the legislation here uniformly uses
# the phrase `summer time' and does not use the phrase `daylight
# time'.
# Announcers on the Commonwealth radio network, the ABC (for Australian
# Broadcasting Commission), use the phrases `Eastern Standard Time'
# or `Eastern Summer Time'.  (Note, though, that as I say in the
# current australasia file, there is really no such thing.)  Announcers
# on its overseas service, Radio Australia, use the same phrases
# prefixed by the word `Australian' when referring to local times;
# time announcements on that service, naturally enough, are made in UTC.

# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
# Given the above, what's chosen for year-round use is:
#	CST	for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 9:30
#	WST	for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 8:00
#	EST	for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 10:00

# From Paul Eggert (2001-04-05), summarizing a long discussion about "EST"
# versus "AEST" etc.:
#
# I see the following points of dispute:
#
# * How important are unique time zone abbreviations?
#
#   Here I tend to agree with the point (most recently made by Chris
#   Newman) that unique abbreviations should not be essential for proper
#   operation of software.  We have other instances of ambiguity
#   (e.g. "IST" denoting both "Israel Standard Time" and "Indian
#   Standard Time"), and they are not likely to go away any time soon.
#   In the old days, some software mistakenly relied on unique
#   abbreviations, but this is becoming less true with time, and I don't
#   think it's that important to cater to such software these days.
#
#   On the other hand, there is another motivation for unambiguous
#   abbreviations: it cuts down on human confusion.  This is
#   particularly true for Australia, where "EST" can mean one thing for
#   time T and a different thing for time T plus 1 second.
#
# * Does the relevant legislation indicate which abbreviations should be used?
#
#   Here I tend to think that things are a mess, just as they are in
#   many other countries.  We Americans are currently disagreeing about
#   which abbreviation to use for the newly legislated Chamorro Standard
#   Time, for example.
#
#   Personally, I would prefer to use common practice; I would like to
#   refer to legislation only for examples of common practice, or as a
#   tiebreaker.
#
# * Do Australians more often use "Eastern Daylight Time" or "Eastern
#   Summer Time"?  Do they typically prefix the time zone names with
#   the word "Australian"?
#
#   My own impression is that both "Daylight Time" and "Summer Time" are
#   common and are widely understood, but that "Summer Time" is more
#   popular; and that the leading "A" is also common but is omitted more
#   often than not.  I just used AltaVista advanced search and got the
#   following count of page hits:
#
#     1,103 "Eastern Summer Time" AND domain:au
#       971 "Australian Eastern Summer Time" AND domain:au
#       613 "Eastern Daylight Time" AND domain:au
#       127 "Australian Eastern Daylight Time" AND domain:au
#
#   Here "Summer" seems quite a bit more popular than "Daylight",
#   particularly when we know the time zone is Australian and not US,
#   say.  The "Australian" prefix seems to be popular for Eastern Summer
#   Time, but unpopular for Eastern Daylight Time.
#
#   For abbreviations, tools like AltaVista are less useful because of
#   ambiguity.  Many hits are not really time zones, unfortunately, and
#   many hits denote US time zones and not Australian ones.  But here
#   are the hit counts anyway:
#
#     161,304 "EST" and domain:au
#      25,156 "EDT" and domain:au
#      18,263 "AEST" and domain:au
#      10,416 "AEDT" and domain:au
#
#      14,538 "CST" and domain:au
#       5,728 "CDT" and domain:au
#         176 "ACST" and domain:au
#          29 "ACDT" and domain:au
#
#       7,539 "WST" and domain:au
#          68 "AWST" and domain:au
#
#   This data suggest that Australians tend to omit the "A" prefix in
#   practice.  The situation for "ST" versus "DT" is less clear, given
#   the ambiguities involved.
#
# * How do Australians feel about the abbreviations in the tz database?
#
#   If you just count Australians on this list, I count 2 in favor and 3
#   against.  One of the "against" votes (David Keegel) counseled delay,
#   saying that both AEST/AEDT and EST/EST are widely used and
#   understood in Australia.

# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19):
# Shanks reports 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and New Zealand.
# Mark Prior writes that his newspaper
# reports that NSW's fall 1995 change will occur at 2:00,
# but Robert Elz says it's been 3:00 in Victoria since 1970
# and perhaps the newspaper's `2:00' is referring to standard time.
# For now we'll continue to assume 2:00s for changes since 1960.

# From Eric Ulevik (1998-01-05):
#
# Here are some URLs to Australian time legislation. These URLs are stable,
# and should probably be included in the data file. There are probably more
# relevant entries in this database.
#
# NSW (including LHI and Broken Hill):
# <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/sta1987137/index.html">
# Standard Time Act 1987 (updated 1995-04-04)
# </a>
# ACT
# <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/act/consol_act/stasta1972279/index.html">
# Standard Time and Summer Time Act 1972
# </a>
# SA
# <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/sa/consol_act/sta1898137/index.html">
# Standard Time Act, 1898
# </a>

# Northern Territory

# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# # The NORTHERN TERRITORY..  [ Courtesy N.T. Dept of the Chief Minister ]
# #					[ Nov 1990 ]
# #	N.T. have never utilised any DST due to sub-tropical/tropical location.
# ...
# Zone        Australia/North         9:30    -       CST

# From Bradley White (1991-03-04):
# A recent excerpt from an Australian newspaper...
# the Northern Territory do[es] not have daylight saving.

# Western Australia

# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# #  The state of WESTERN AUSTRALIA..  [ Courtesy W.A. dept Premier+Cabinet ]
# #						[ Nov 1990 ]
# #	W.A. suffers from a great deal of public and political opposition to
# #	DST in principle. A bill is brought before parliament in most years, but
# #	usually defeated either in the upper house, or in party caucus
# #	before reaching parliament.
# ...
# Zone	Australia/West		8:00	AW	%sST
# ...
# Rule	AW	1974	only	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	AW	1975	only	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	W
# Rule	AW	1983	only	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	AW	1984	only	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	W

# From Bradley White (1991-03-04):
# A recent excerpt from an Australian newspaper...
# Western Australia...do[es] not have daylight saving.

# From John D. Newman via Bradley White (1991-11-02):
# Western Australia is still on "winter time". Some DH in Sydney
# rang me at home a few days ago at 6.00am. (He had just arrived at
# work at 9.00am.)
# W.A. is switching to Summer Time on Nov 17th just to confuse
# everybody again.

# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
# The 1992 ending date used in the rules is a best guess;
# it matches what was used in the past.

# <a href="http://www.bom.gov.au/faq/faqgen.htm">
# The Australian Bureau of Meteorology FAQ
# </a> (1999-09-27) writes that Giles Meteorological Station uses
# South Australian time even though it's located in Western Australia.

# Queensland
# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# #   The state of QUEENSLAND.. [ Courtesy Qld. Dept Premier Econ&Trade Devel ]
# #						[ Dec 1990 ]
# ...
# Zone	Australia/Queensland	10:00	AQ	%sST
# ...
# Rule	AQ	1971	only	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	AQ	1972	only	-	Feb	lastSun	3:00	0	E
# Rule	AQ	1989	max	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	AQ	1990	max	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	E

# From Bradley White (1989-12-24):
# "Australia/Queensland" now observes daylight time (i.e. from
# October 1989).

# From Bradley White (1991-03-04):
# A recent excerpt from an Australian newspaper...
# ...Queensland...[has] agreed to end daylight saving
# at 3am tomorrow (March 3)...

# From John Mackin (1991-03-06):
# I can certainly confirm for my part that Daylight Saving in NSW did in fact
# end on Sunday, 3 March.  I don't know at what hour, though.  (It surprised
# me.)

# From Bradley White (1992-03-08):
# ...there was recently a referendum in Queensland which resulted
# in the experimental daylight saving system being abandoned. So, ...
# ...
# Rule	QLD	1989	1991	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	QLD	1990	1992	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	S
# ...

# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
# The chosen rules the union of the 1971/1972 change and the 1989-1992 changes.

# From Rives McDow (2002-04-09):
# The most interesting region I have found consists of three towns on the
# southern coast of Australia, population 10 at last report, along with
# 50,000 sheep, about 100 kilometers long and 40 kilometers into the
# continent.  The primary town is Madura, with the other towns being
# Mundrabilla and Eucla.  According to the sheriff of Madura, the
# residents got tired of having to change the time so often, as they are
# located in a strip overlapping the border of South Australia and Western
# Australia.  South Australia observes daylight saving time; Western
# Australia does not.  The two states are one and a half hours apart.  The
# residents decided to forget about this nonsense of changing the clock so
# much and set the local time 20 hours and 45 minutes from the
# international date line, or right in the middle of the time of South
# Australia and Western Australia.  As it only affects about 10 people and
# tourists staying at the Madura Motel, it has never really made as big an
# impact as Broken Hill.  However, as tourist visiting there or anyone
# calling the local sheriff will attest, they do keep time in this way.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2002-04-09):
# This is confirmed by the section entitled
# "What's the deal with time zones???" in
# <http://www.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/~awatkins/null.html>,
# which says a few other things:
#
# * Border Village, SA also is 45 minutes ahead of Perth.
# * The locals call this time zone "central W.A. Time" (presumably "CWAT").
# * The locals also call Western Australia time "Perth time".
#
# It's not clear from context whether everyone in Western Australia
# knows of this naming convention, or whether it's just the people in
# this subregion.

# South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria

# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
# The rules from version 7.1 follow.
# There are lots of differences between these rules and
# the Shepherd et al. rules.  Since the Shepherd et al. rules
# and Bradley White's newspaper article are in agreement on
# current DST ending dates, no worries.
#
# Rule	Oz	1971	1985	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	-
# Rule	Oz	1986	max	-	Oct	Sun<=24	2:00	1:00	-
# Rule	Oz	1972	only	-	Feb	27	3:00	0	-
# Rule	Oz	1973	1986	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	-
# Rule	Oz	1987	max	-	Mar	Sun<=21	3:00	0	-
# Zone	Australia/Tasmania	10:00	Oz	EST
# Zone	Australia/South		9:30	Oz	CST
# Zone	Australia/Victoria	10:00	Oz	EST	1985 Oct lastSun 2:00
#				10:00	1:00	EST	1986 Mar Sun<=21 3:00
#				10:00	Oz	EST

# From Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# I believe that the current start date for DST is "lastSun" in Oct...
# that changed Oct 89.  That is, we're back to the
# original rule, and that rule currently applies in all the states
# that have dst, incl Qld.  (Certainly it was true in Vic).
# The file I'm including says that happened in 1988, I think
# that's incorrect, but I'm not 100% certain.

# South Australia

# From Bradley White (1991-03-04):
# A recent excerpt from an Australian newspaper...
# ...South Australia...[has] agreed to end daylight saving
# at 3am tomorrow (March 3)...

# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# #   The state of SOUTH AUSTRALIA....[ Courtesy of S.A. Dept of Labour ]
# #						[ Nov 1990 ]
# ...
# Zone	Australia/South		9:30	AS	%sST
# ...
# Rule	 AS	1971	max	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	 AS	1972	1985	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	C
# Rule	 AS	1986	1990	-	Mar	Sun<=21	3:00	0	C
# Rule	 AS	1991	max	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	C

# From Bradley White (1992-03-11):
# Recent correspondence with a friend in Adelaide
# contained the following exchange:  "Due to the Adelaide Festival,
# South Australia delays setting back our clocks for a few weeks."

# From Robert Elz (1992-03-13):
# I heard that apparently (or at least, it appears that)
# South Aus will have an extra 3 weeks daylight saving every even
# numbered year (from 1990).  That's when the Adelaide Festival
# is on...

# From Robert Elz (1992-03-16, 00:57:07 +1000):
# DST didn't end in Adelaide today (yesterday)....
# But whether it's "4th Sunday" or "2nd last Sunday" I have no idea whatever...
# (it's just as likely to be "the Sunday we pick for this year"...).

# From Bradley White (1994-04-11):
# If Sun, 15 March, 1992 was at +1030 as kre asserts, but yet Sun, 20 March,
# 1994 was at +0930 as John Connolly's customer seems to assert, then I can
# only conclude that the actual rule is more complicated....

# From John Warburton <jwarb <at> SACBH.com.au> (1994-10-07):
# The new Daylight Savings dates for South Australia ...
# was gazetted in the Government Hansard on Sep 26 1994....
# start on last Sunday in October and end in last sunday in March.

# Tasmania

# The rules for 1967 through 1991 were reported by George Shepherd
# via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# #  The state of TASMANIA.. [Courtesy Tasmanian Dept of Premier + Cabinet ]
# #					[ Nov 1990 ]

# From Bill Hart via Guy Harris (1991-10-10):
# Oh yes, the new daylight savings rules are uniquely tasmanian, we have
# 6 weeks a year now when we are out of sync with the rest of Australia
# (but nothing new about that).

# From Alex Livingston (1999-10-04):
# I heard on the ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) radio news on the
# (long) weekend that Tasmania, which usually goes its own way in this regard,
# has decided to join with most of NSW, the ACT, and most of Victoria
# (Australia) and start daylight saving on the last Sunday in August in 2000
# instead of the first Sunday in October.

# Sim Alam (2000-07-03) reported a legal citation for the 2000/2001 rules:
# http://www.thelaw.tas.gov.au/fragview/42++1968+GS3A <at> EN+2000070300

# Victoria

# The rules for 1971 through 1991 were reported by George Shepherd
# via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# #   The state of VICTORIA.. [ Courtesy of Vic. Dept of Premier + Cabinet ]
# #						[ Nov 1990 ]

# From Scott Harrington (2001-08-29):
# On KQED's "City Arts and Lectures" program last night I heard an
# interesting story about daylight savings time.  Dr. John Heilbron was
# discussing his book "The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar
# Observatories"[1], and in particular the Shrine of Remembrance[2] located
# in Melbourne, Australia.
#
# Apparently the shrine's main purpose is a beam of sunlight which
# illuminates a special spot on the floor at the 11th hour of the 11th day
# of the 11th month (Remembrance Day) every year in memory of Australia's
# fallen WWI soldiers.  And if you go there on Nov. 11, at 11am local time,
# you will indeed see the sunbeam illuminate the special spot at the
# expected time.
#
# However, that is only because of some special mirror contraption that had
# to be employed, since due to daylight savings time, the true solar time of
# the remembrance moment occurs one hour later (or earlier?).  Perhaps
# someone with more information on this jury-rig can tell us more.
#
# [1] http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog/HEISUN.html
# [2] http://www.shrine.org.au

# New South Wales

# From Arthur David Olson:
# New South Wales and subjurisdictions have their own ideas of a fun time.
# Based on law library research by John Mackin,
# who notes:
#	In Australia, time is not legislated federally, but rather by the
#	individual states.  Thus, while such terms as ``Eastern Standard Time''
#	[I mean, of course, Australian EST, not any other kind] are in common
#	use, _they have NO REAL MEANING_, as they are not defined in the
#	legislation.  This is very important to understand.
#	I have researched New South Wales time only...

# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-27):
# The Information Service of the Australian National Standards Commission
# <a href="http://www.nsc.gov.au/InfoServ/Ileaflet/il27.htm">
# Daylight Saving
# </a> page (1995-04) has an excellent overall history of Australian DST.
# The Community Relations Division of the NSW Attorney General's Department
# publishes a history of daylight saving in NSW.  See:
# <a href="http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/crd.nsf/pages/time2">
# Lawlink NSW: Daylight Saving in New South Wales
# </a>

# From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-26):
# DST will start in NSW on the last Sunday of August, rather than the usual
# October in 2000.  [See: Matthew Moore,
# <a href="http://www.smh.com.au/news/9905/26/pageone/pageone4.html">
# Two months more daylight saving
# </a>
# Sydney Morning Herald (1999-05-26).]

# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-27):
# See the following official NSW source:
# <a href="http://dir.gis.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/genobject/document/other/daylightsaving/tigGmZ">
# Daylight Saving in New South Wales.
# </a>
#
# Narrabri Shire (NSW) council has announced it will ignore the extension of
# daylight saving next year.  See:
# <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/neweng/monthly/regeng-22jul1999-1.htm">
# Narrabri Council to ignore daylight saving
# </a> (1999-07-22).  For now, we'll wait to see if this really happens.
#
# Victoria will following NSW.  See:
# <a href="http://abc.net.au/local/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990728112314_1.htm">
# Vic to extend daylight saving
# </a> (1999-07-28).
#
# However, South Australia rejected the DST request.  See:
# <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990719151754_1.htm">
# South Australia rejects Olympics daylight savings request
# </a> (1999-07-19).
#
# Queensland also will not observe DST for the Olympics.  See:
# <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/06/item19990601114608_1.htm">
# Qld says no to daylight savings for Olympics
# </a> (1999-06-01), which quotes Queensland Premier Peter Beattie as saying
# ``Look you've got to remember in my family when this came up last time
# I voted for it, my wife voted against it and she said to me it's all very
# well for you, you don't have to worry about getting the children out of
# bed, getting them to school, getting them to sleep at night.
# I've been through all this argument domestically...my wife rules.''
#
# Broken Hill will stick with South Australian time in 2000.  See:
# <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/brokenh/monthly/regbrok-21jul1999-6.htm">
# Broken Hill to be behind the times
# </a> (1999-07-21).

# IATA SSIM (1998-09) says that the spring 2000 change for Australian
# Capital Territory, New South Wales except Lord Howe Island and Broken
# Hill, and Victoria will be August 27, presumably due to the Sydney Olympics.

# From Eric Ulevik, referring to Sydney's Sun Herald (2000-08-13), page 29:
# The Queensland Premier Peter Beattie is encouraging northern NSW
# towns to use Queensland time.

# Yancowinna

# From John Mackin (1989-01-04):
# `Broken Hill' means the County of Yancowinna.

# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# # YANCOWINNA..  [ Confirmation courtesy of Broken Hill Postmaster ]
# #					[ Dec 1990 ]
# ...
# # Yancowinna uses Central Standard Time, despite [its] location on the
# # New South Wales side of the S.A. border. Most business and social dealings
# # are with CST zones, therefore CST is legislated by local government
# # although the switch to Summer Time occurs in line with N.S.W. There have
# # been years when this did not apply, but the historical data is not
# # presently available.
# Zone	Australia/Yancowinna	9:30	 AY	%sST
# ...
# Rule	 AY	1971	1985	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	 AY	1972	only	-	Feb	lastSun	3:00	0	C
# [followed by other Rules]

# Lord Howe Island

# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# LHI...		[ Courtesy of Pauline Van Winsen.. pauline <at> Aus ]
#					[ Dec 1990 ]
# Lord Howe Island is located off the New South Wales coast, and is half an
# hour ahead of NSW time.

# From James Lonergan, Secretary, Lord Howe Island Board (2000-01-27):
# Lord Howe Island summer time in 2000/2001 will commence on the same
# date as the rest of NSW (i.e. 2000-08-27).  For your information the
# Lord Howe Island Board (controlling authority for the Island) is
# seeking the community's views on various options for summer time
# arrangements on the Island, e.g. advance clocks by 1 full hour
# instead of only 30 minutes.  Dependant on the wishes of residents
# the Board may approach the NSW government to change the existing
# arrangements.  The starting date for summer time on the Island will
# however always coincide with the rest of NSW.

# From James Lonergan, Secretary, Lord Howe Island Board (2000-10-25):
# Lord Howe Island advances clocks by 30 minutes during DST in NSW and retards
# clocks by 30 minutes when DST finishes. Since DST was most recently
# introduced in NSW, the "changeover" time on the Island has been 02:00 as
# shown on clocks on LHI. I guess this means that for 30 minutes at the start
# of DST, LHI is actually 1 hour ahead of the rest of NSW.

# From Paul Eggert (2001-02-09):
# For Lord Howe dates we use Shanks through 1989, and Lonergan thereafter.
# For times we use Lonergan.

###############################################################################

# New Zealand

# From Mark Davies (1990-10-03):
# the 1989/90 year was a trial of an extended "daylight saving" period.
# This trial was deemed successful and the extended period adopted for
# subsequent years (with the addition of a further week at the start).
# source -- phone call to Ministry of Internal Affairs Head Office.

# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
# # The Country of New Zealand   (Australia's east island -) Gee they hate that!
# #				   or is Australia the west island of N.Z.
# #	[ courtesy of Geoff Tribble.. Geofft <at> Aus.. Auckland N.Z. ]
# #				[ Nov 1990 ]
# ...
# Rule	NZ      1974    1988	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	NZ	1989	max	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00	1:00	D
# Rule	NZ      1975    1989	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	S
# Rule	NZ	1990	max	-	Mar	lastSun	3:00	0	S
# ...
# Zone	NZ			12:00	NZ		NZ%sT	# New Zealand
# Zone	NZ-CHAT			12:45	-		NZ-CHAT # Chatham Island

# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
# The chosen rules use the Davies October 8 values for the start of DST in 1989
# rather than the October 1 value.

# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19);
# Shanks reports 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and New Zealand.
# Robert Uzgalis writes that the New Zealand Daylight
# Savings Time Order in Council dated 1990-06-18 specifies 2:00 standard
# time on both the first Sunday in October and the third Sunday in March.
# As with Australia, we'll assume the tradition is 2:00s, not 2:00.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2003-05-26):
# The Department of Internal Affairs (DIA) maintains a brief history,
# as does Carol Squires; see tz-link.htm for the full references.
# Use these sources in preference to Shanks.
#
# For Chatham, IATA SSIM (1991/1999) gives the NZ rules but with
# transitions at 2:45 local standard time; this confirms that Chatham
# is always exactly 45 minutes ahead of Auckland.

###############################################################################


# Fiji

# Howse writes (p 153) that in 1879 the British governor of Fiji
# enacted an ordinance standardizing the islands on Antipodean Time
# instead of the American system (which was one day behind).

# From Rives McDow (1998-10-08):
# Fiji will introduce DST effective 0200 local time, 1998-11-01
# until 0300 local time 1999-02-28.  Each year the DST period will
# be from the first Sunday in November until the last Sunday in February.

# From Paul Eggert (2000-01-08):
# IATA SSIM (1999-09) says DST ends 0100 local time.  Go with McDow.

# From the BBC World Service (1998-10-31 11:32 UTC):
# The Fijiian government says the main reasons for the time change is to
# improve productivity and reduce road accidents.  But correspondents say it
# also hopes the move will boost Fiji's ability to compete with other pacific
# islands in the effort to attract tourists to witness the dawning of the new
# millenium.

# http://www.fiji.gov.fj/press/2000_09/2000_09_13-05.shtml (2000-09-13)
# reports that Fiji has discontinued DST.

# Johnston

# Johnston data is from usno1995.


# Kiribati

# From Paul Eggert (1996-01-22):
# Today's _Wall Street Journal_ (page 1) reports that Kiribati
# ``declared it the same day throught the country as of Jan. 1, 1995''
# as part of the competition to be first into the 21st century.


# Kwajalein

# In comp.risks 14.87 (26 August 1993), Peter Neumann writes:
# I wonder what happened in Kwajalein, where there was NO Friday,
# 1993-08-20.  Thursday night at midnight Kwajalein switched sides with
# respect to the International Date Line, to rejoin its fellow islands,
# going from 11:59 p.m. Thursday to 12:00 m. Saturday in a blink.


# N Mariana Is, Guam

# Howse writes (p 153) ``The Spaniards, on the other hand, reached the
# Philippines and the Ladrones from America,'' and implies that the Ladrones
# (now called the Marianas) kept American date for quite some time.
# For now, we assume the Ladrones switched at the same time as the Philippines;
# see Asia/Manila.

# US Public Law 106-564 (2000-12-23) made UTC+10 the official standard time,
# under the name "Chamorro Standard Time".  There is no official abbreviation,
# but Congressman Robert A. Underwood, author of the bill that became law,
# wrote in a press release (2000-12-27) that he will seek the use of "ChST".


# Micronesia

# Alan Eugene Davis writes (1996-03-16),
# ``I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that "Truk"
# (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10.''
#
# Shanks writes that Truk switched from UTC+10 to UTC+11 on 1978-10-01;
# ignore this for now.

# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
# The Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board writes in
# <a href="http://www.fsmgov.org/info/clocks.html">
# The Federated States of Micronesia - Visitor Information
# </a> (1999-01-26)
# that Truk and Yap are UTC+10, and Ponape and Kosrae are UTC+11.
# We don't know when Kosrae switched from UTC+12; assume January 1 for now.


# Midway

# From Charles T O'Connor, KMTH DJ (1956),
# quoted in the KTMH section of the Radio Heritage Collection
# <http://radiodx.com/spdxr/KMTH.htm> (2002-12-31):
# For the past two months we've been on what is known as Daylight
# Saving Time.  This time has put us on air at 5am in the morning,
# your time down there in New Zealand.  Starting September 2, 1956
# we'll again go back to Standard Time.  This'll mean that we'll go to
# air at 6am your time.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23):
# We don't know the date of that quote, but we'll guess they
# started DST on June 3.  Possibly DST was observed other years
# in Midway, but we have no record of it.


# Pitcairn

# From Rives McDow (1999-11-08):
# A Proclamation was signed by the Governor of Pitcairn on the 27th March 1998
# with regard to Pitcairn Standard Time.  The Proclamation is as follows.
#
#	The local time for general purposes in the Islands shall be
#	Co-ordinated Universal time minus 8 hours and shall be known
#	as Pitcairn Standard Time.
#
# ... I have also seen Pitcairn listed as UTC minus 9 hours in several
# references, and can only assume that this was an error in interpretation
# somehow in light of this proclamation.

# From Rives McDow (1999-11-09):
# The Proclamation regarding Pitcairn time came into effect on 27 April 1998
# ... at midnight.

# From Howie Phelps (1999-11-10), who talked to a Pitcairner via shortwave:
# Betty Christian told me yesterday that their local time is the same as
# Pacific Standard Time. They used to be 1/2 hour different from us here in
# Sacramento but it was changed a couple of years ago.


# Samoa

# Howse writes (p 153, citing p 10 of the 1883-11-18 New York Herald)
# that in 1879 the King of Samoa decided to change
# ``the date in his kingdom from the Antipodean to the American system,
# ordaining -- by a masterpiece of diplomatic flattery -- that
# the Fourth of July should be celebrated twice in that year.''


# Tonga

# From Paul Eggert (1996-01-22):
# Today's _Wall Street Journal_ (p 1) reports that ``Tonga has been plotting
# to sneak ahead of [New Zealanders] by introducing daylight-saving time.''
# Since Kiribati has moved the Date Line it's not clear what Tonga will do.

# Don Mundell writes in the 1997-02-20 Tonga Chronicle
# <a href="http://www.tongatapu.net.to/tonga/homeland/timebegins.htm">
# How Tonga became `The Land where Time Begins'
# </a>:

# Until 1941 Tonga maintained a standard time 50 minutes ahead of NZST
# 12 hours and 20 minutes ahead of GMT.  When New Zealand adjusted its
# standard time in 1940s, Tonga had the choice of subtracting from its
# local time to come on the same standard time as New Zealand or of
# advancing its time to maintain the differential of 13 degrees
# (approximately 50 minutes ahead of New Zealand time).
#
# Because His Majesty King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, then Crown Prince
# Tungi, preferred to ensure Tonga's title as the land where time
# begins, the Legislative Assembly approved the latter change.
#
# But some of the older, more conservative members from the outer
# islands objected. "If at midnight on Dec. 31, we move ahead 40
# minutes, as your Royal Highness wishes, what becomes of the 40
# minutes we have lost?"
#
# The Crown Prince, presented an unanswerable argument: "Remember that
# on the World Day of Prayer, you would be the first people on Earth
# to say your prayers in the morning."

# From Paul Eggert (1999-08-12):
# Shanks says the transition was on 1968-10-01; go with Mundell.

# From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-03):
# Tonga's director of tourism, who is also secretary of the National Millennium
# Committee, has a plan to get Tonga back in front.
# He has proposed a one-off move to tropical daylight saving for Tonga from
# October to March, which has won approval in principle from the Tongan
# Government.

# From Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):
# * Tonga will introduce DST in November
#
# I was given this link by John Letts:
# <a hef="http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_424000/424764.stm">
# http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_424000/424764.stm
# </a>
#
# I have not been able to find exact dates for the transition in November
# yet. By reading this article it seems like Fiji will be 14 hours ahead
# of UTC as well, but as far as I know Fiji will only be 13 hours ahead
# (12 + 1 hour DST).

# From Arthur David Olson (1999-09-20):
# According to <a href="http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html>
# http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html
# </a>:
# "Daylight Savings Time will take effect on Oct. 2 through April 15, 2000
# and annually thereafter from the first Saturday in October through the
# third Saturday of April.  Under the system approved by Privy Council on
# Sept. 10, clocks must be turned ahead one hour on the opening day and
# set back an hour on the closing date."
# Alas, no indication of the time of day.

# From Rives McDow (1999-10-06):
# Tonga started its Daylight Saving on Saturday morning October 2nd at 0200am.
# Daylight Saving ends on April 16 at 0300am which is Sunday morning.

# From Steffen Thorsen (2000-10-31):
# Back in March I found a notice on the website http://www.tongaonline.com
# that Tonga changed back to standard time one month early, on March 19
# instead of the original reported date April 16. Unfortunately, the article
# is no longer available on the site, and I did not make a copy of the
# text, and I have forgotten to report it here.
# (Original URL was: http://www.tongaonline.com/news/march162000.htm )

# From Rives McDow (2000-12-01):
# Tonga is observing DST as of 2000-11-04 and will stop on 2001-01-27.

# From Sione Moala-Mafi (2001-09-20) via Rives McDow:
# At 2:00am on the first Sunday of November, the standard time in the Kingdom
# shall be moved forward by one hour to 3:00am.  At 2:00am on the last Sunday
# of January the standard time in the Kingdom shall be moved backward by one
# hour to 1:00am.

# From Pulu 'Anau (2002-11-05):
# The law was for 3 years, supposedly to get renewed.  It wasn't.


# Wake

# From Vernice Anderson, Personal Secretary to Philip Jessup,
# US Ambassador At Large (oral history interview, 1971-02-02):
#
# Saturday, the 14th [of October, 1950] -- ...  The time was all the
# more confusing at that point, because we had crossed the
# International Date Line, thus getting two Sundays.  Furthermore, we
# discovered that Wake Island had two hours of daylight saving time
# making calculation of time in Washington difficult if not almost
# impossible.
#
# http://www.trumanlibrary.org/wake/meeting.htm

# From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23):
# We have no other report of DST in Wake Island, so omit this info for now.

###############################################################################

# The International Date Line

# From Gwillim Law (2000-01-03):
#
# The International Date Line is not defined by any international standard,
# convention, or treaty.  Mapmakers are free to draw it as they please.
# Reputable mapmakers will simply ensure that every point of land appears on
# the correct side of the IDL, according to the date legally observed there.
#
# When Kiribati adopted a uniform date in 1995, thereby moving the Phoenix and
# Line Islands to the west side of the IDL (or, if you prefer, moving the IDL
# to the east side of the Phoenix and Line Islands), I suppose that most
# mapmakers redrew the IDL following the boundary of Kiribati.  Even that line
# has a rather arbitrary nature.  The straight-line boundaries between Pacific
# island nations that are shown on many maps are based on an international
# convention, but are not legally binding national borders.
#
# An Anglo-French Conference on Time-Keeping at Sea (June, 1917) agreed that
# legal time on the high seas would be zone time, i.e., the standard time at
# the nearest meridian that is a multiple of fifteen degrees.  The date is
# governed by the IDL; therefore, even on the high seas, there may be some
# places as late as fourteen hours later than UTC.  And, since the IDL is not
# an international standard, there are some places on the high seas where the
# correct date is ambiguous.

# From Paul Eggert, using references suggested by Oscar van Vlijmen
# (2005-03-20):
#
# The American Practical Navigator (2002)
# <http://pollux.nss.nima.mil/pubs/pubs_j_apn_sections.html?rid=187>
# talks only about the 180-degree meridian with respect to ships in
# international waters; it ignores the international date line.
Picon

FW: [Fwd: Feedback on zone translations]

Mark Davis is on the time zone list, but at a different address than
that shown below.

				--ado

-----Original Message-----
From: Mark Davis [mailto:mark.davis <at> icu-project.org] 
Sent: Tuesday, November 08, 2005 1:53 PM
To: tz <at> lecserver.nci.nih.gov
Subject: [Fwd: Feedback on zone translations]

The CLDR committee is looking for feedback on certain aspects of zone
translation raised in the document listed below. In particular, we'd
appreciate feedback on Brazil, Argentina, and Russia.

http://unicode.org/cldr/data/dropbox/instructions.html

Mark

Mark Davis | 12 Nov 02:39 2005

Re: Feedback on zone translations

It appears that a simple Reply to: didn't work; I just got the bounce 
from sending my message a few days ago. Hope it makes through this time. 
-- Mark

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Subject:
Re: Feedback on zone translations
From:
Mark Davis <mark.davis <at> icu-project.org>
Date:
Tue, 08 Nov 2005 12:37:30 -0800

To:
Paul Eggert <eggert <at> CS.UCLA.EDU>
CC:
tz <at> lecserver.nci.nih.gov

 >Why require coverage for Arctic/Longyearbyen (pop. 2,000) but not for 
Asia/Novosibirsk (pop. 1,500,000)?

Thanks for your comments. I'm afraid that the instructions must not have 
been clear. Only the bold ones (also marked by *¹ for searching)* are 
currently listed as being required for translation. So neither 
Arctic/Longyearbyen nor Asia/Novosibirsk are currently listed.

 > require coverage for each currently-used time zone to obtain 
"moderate" coverage;

Any translator is free to supply translations for all the TZIDs, so we 
put no limitation on them. And to qualify for "complete" coverage they 
would do that. This is more a matter of which locales we categorize as 
having "moderate" coverage. And note that we encourage all of the zones 
to be translated in the language(s) of the country in question. So we 
would expect all of the Russian TZIDs to be translated into Russian.

The question is somewhat different than that, it is: which of the 
Russian timezones are significantly enough that we need to require *all* 
the other translators (Italian, Maltese, Arabic, Assamese,....) to 
supply translations for them, simply to qualify for "moderate" coverage?

 > formally list the criteria that a zone must satisfy before it's 
considered to be "economically significant".

Your suggestion regarding a hard dividing line is good, but it may be 
difficult to assess for most of the zones in question, so it would 
really be more of a guideline. I can take that up to the committee for 
discussion.

Mark

Paul Eggert wrote:

>> From: Mark Davis [mailto:mark.davis <at> icu-project.org] Sent: Tuesday, 
>> November 08, 2005 1:53 PM
>>   
>
>
>  
>
>> In particular, we'd appreciate feedback on Brazil, Argentina, and
>> Russia.
>>   
>
>
> As things stand, the list looks pretty arbitrary.  Why require
> coverage for Arctic/Longyearbyen (pop. 2,000) but not for
> Asia/Novosibirsk (pop. 1,500,000)?  You're setting yourself up for
> disputes with arbitrary decisions like that, disputes that will
> consume your time unnecessarily.
>
> I suggest doing one of the following:
>
> (1) require coverage for each currently-used time zone to obtain
>    "moderate" coverage;
>
>    or
>
> (2) formally list the criteria that a zone must satisfy before it's
>    considered to be "economically significant".  For example, you
>    could say "annual GDP > US$1 billion (2005 dollars)".
>
>
>
>  
>

Picon

FW: Cuba TZ update

Carlos A. Carnero Delgado is not on the time zone mailing list; direct
replies appropriately.

				--ado 

-----Original Message-----
From: Carlos A. Carnero Delgado [mailto:carlos <at> carnero.ca] 
Sent: Saturday, November 12, 2005 2:31 AM
To: tz <at> lecserver.nci.nih.gov
Subject: Cuba TZ update

Hello,

this year (just like in 2004-2005) there's no change in time zone
adjustment in Cuba. We will stay in daylight savings time:
http://www.granma.cu/espanol/2005/noviembre/mier9/horario.html. Roughly,
this says that the cause for not changing back is of electrical power &
fuel savings nature.

I have patched my FreeBSD workstation with the attached diff that I
made, and AFAICT, this works locally. Can you please confirm and maybe
merge into the TZ database?

Thanks a lot,
Carlos.

Attachment (cuba-update.diff): application/octet-stream, 142 bytes
Picon

FW: Changes in time zone configuration for Cuba

José Angel Rodríguez Leyva is not on the time zone mailing list; direct replies appropriately.

                                --ado

-----Original Message-----
From: José Angel Rodríguez Leyva [mailto:jar <at> villazul.ltu.sld.cu]
Sent: Sunday, November 13, 2005 3:39 PM
To: tz <at> lecserver.nci.nih.gov
Subject: Changes in time zone configuration for Cuba


Hello,

Cuba keeps Daylight saving time this year again, for a similar reason than last year. I have to make the changes in Cuba timezone file and I send to you. Sorry for my english.

Greeting

José A. Rodríguez

# Cuba

# From Arthur David Olson (1999-03-29):
# The 1999-03-28 exhibition baseball game held in Havana, Cuba, between
# the Cuban National Team and the Baltimore Orioles was carried live on
# the Orioles Radio Network, including affiliate WTOP in Washington, DC.
# During the game, play-by-play announcer Jim Hunter noted that
# "We'll be losing two hours of sleep...Cuba switched to Daylight Saving
# Time today."  (The "two hour" remark referred to losing one hour of
# sleep on 1999-03-28--when the announcers were in Cuba as it switched
# to DST--and one more hour on 1999-04-04--when the announcers will have
# returned to Baltimore, which switches on that date.)

# From Evert van der Veer via Steffen Thorsen (2004-10-28):
# Cuba is not going back to standard time this year.
# From Paul Eggert (2004-10-28):
# http://www.granma.cu/ingles/2004/septiembre/juev30/41medid-i.html

# says that it's due to a problem at the Antonio Guiteras
# thermoelectric plant, and says "This October there will be no return
# to normal hours (after daylight saving time)".
# For now, let's assume that it's a one-year temporary measure.

# 2005-Oct-29
# Cuba keeps again Daylight Saving Time this year. Assumed two-years 
# temporary.
# http://granma.co.cu/2005/11/09/nacional/artic09.html



# Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
Rule	Cuba	1928	only	-	Jun	10	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1928	only	-	Oct	10	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1940	1942	-	Jun	Sun>=1	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1940	1942	-	Sep	Sun>=1	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1945	1946	-	Jun	Sun>=1	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1945	1946	-	Sep	Sun>=1	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1965	only	-	Jun	1	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1965	only	-	Sep	30	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1966	only	-	May	29	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1966	only	-	Oct	2	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1967	only	-	Apr	8	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1967	1968	-	Sep	Sun>=8	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1968	only	-	Apr	14	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1969	1977	-	Apr	lastSun	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1969	1971	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1972	1974	-	Oct	8	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1975	1977	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1978	only	-	May	7	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1978	1990	-	Oct	Sun>=8	0:00	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1979	1980	-	Mar	Sun>=15	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1981	1985	-	May	Sun>=5	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1986	1989	-	Mar	Sun>=14	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1990	1997	-	Apr	Sun>=1	0:00	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1991	1995	-	Oct	Sun>=8	0:00s	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1996	only	-	Oct	 6	0:00s	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1997	only	-	Oct	12	0:00s	0	S
Rule	Cuba	1998	1999	-	Mar	lastSun	0:00s	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	1998	2003	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00s	0	S
Rule	Cuba	2000	max	-	Apr	Sun>=1	0:00s	1:00	D
Rule	Cuba	2006	max	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00s	0	S

# Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
Zone	America/Havana	-5:29:28 -	LMT	1890
			-5:29:36 -	HMT	1925 Jul 19 12:00 # Havana MT
			-5:00	Cuba	C%sT


Paul Eggert | 14 Nov 22:02 2005

Re: FW: Cuba TZ update

> From: Carlos A. Carnero Delgado [mailto:carlos <at> carnero.ca] 
> Sent: Saturday, November 12, 2005 2:31 AM

> this year (just like in 2004-2005) there's no change in time zone
> adjustment in Cuba. We will stay in daylight savings time:
> http://www.granma.cu/espanol/2005/noviembre/mier9/horario.html.

Thanks for the heads-up and the reference.  Interesting that the Cuban
government didn't say "leave the clocks alone in October" until
November 9.  I assume there was some intermediate announcement?
Anyway, I'll propose your patch soon.

Paul Eggert | 18 Nov 08:56 2005

proposed tz changes for Georgia, Cuba, Azerbaijan

Here are proposed patches to the tz data.  The current time stamps for
Georgia and Cuba are incorrect, so I thought I'd package up the pending
changes.

* Georgia no longer observes DST, and has switched from +03 to +04.
  (Thanks to Teimuraz Abashidze for this info.)

* Cuba is continuing its two-year experiment in year-round DST.
  (Thanks to Carlos A. Carnero Delgado for this info.)

* Azerbaijan switches at 4:00 and 5:00, not at 1:00.
  (Thanks to Rustam Aliyev for this info.)

* Some commentary fixes to record the most-recent Brazilian DST decrees.

* Minor update of URLs in the tz-link web page.

===================================================================
RCS file: RCS/asia,v
retrieving revision 2005.14
retrieving revision 2005.14.0.1
diff -pu -r2005.14 -r2005.14.0.1
--- asia	2005/10/03 13:43:50	2005.14
+++ asia	2005/11/18 06:54:05	2005.14.0.1
 <at>  <at>  -99,9 +99,12  <at>  <at>  Zone	Asia/Yerevan	2:58:00 -	LMT	1924 May
 			4:00 RussiaAsia	AM%sT

 # Azerbaijan
+# From Rustam Aliyev of the Azerbaijan Internet Forum (2005-10-23):
+# According to the resolution of Cabinet of Ministers, 1997
+# Resolution available at: http://aif.az/docs/daylight_res.pdf
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
-Rule	Azer	1997	max	-	Mar	lastSun	 1:00	1:00	S
-Rule	Azer	1997	max	-	Oct	lastSun	 1:00	0	-
+Rule	Azer	1997	max	-	Mar	lastSun	 4:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Azer	1997	max	-	Oct	lastSun	 5:00	0	-
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone	Asia/Baku	3:19:24 -	LMT	1924 May  2
 			3:00	-	BAKT	1957 Mar    # Baku Time
 <at>  <at>  -348,6 +351,17  <at>  <at>  Link	Asia/Nicosia	Europe/Nicosia
 # Mikhail Saakashvili, who said the change was partly prompted by the process
 # of integration into Europe.

+# From Teimuraz Abashidze (2005-11-07):
+# Government of Georgia ... decided to NOT CHANGE daylight savings time on
+# [Oct.] 30, as it was done before during last more than 10 years.
+# Currently, we are in fact GMT +4:00, as before 30 October it was GMT
+# +3:00.... The problem is, there is NO FORMAL LAW or governmental document
+# about it.  As far as I can find, I was told, that there is no document,
+# because we just DIDN'T ISSUE document about switching to winter time....
+# I don't know what can be done, especially knowing that some years ago our
+# DST rules where changed THREE TIMES during one month.
+
+
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone	Asia/Tbilisi	2:59:16 -	LMT	1880
 			2:59:16	-	TBMT	1924 May  2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
 <at>  <at>  -359,7 +373,8  <at>  <at>  Zone	Asia/Tbilisi	2:59:16 -	LMT	1880
 			4:00 E-EurAsia	GE%sT	1996 Oct lastSun
 			4:00	1:00	GEST	1997 Mar lastSun
 			4:00 E-EurAsia	GE%sT	2004 Jun 27
-			3:00 RussiaAsia	GE%sT
+			3:00 RussiaAsia	GE%sT	2005 Mar lastSun 2:00
+			4:00	-	GET

 # East Timor

===================================================================
RCS file: RCS/northamerica,v
retrieving revision 2005.14
retrieving revision 2005.14.0.1
diff -pu -r2005.14 -r2005.14.0.1
--- northamerica	2005/10/03 13:43:50	2005.14
+++ northamerica	2005/11/18 06:54:05	2005.14.0.1
 <at>  <at>  -1815,6 +1815,11  <at>  <at>  Zone America/Costa_Rica	-5:36:20 -	LMT	1
 # to normal hours (after daylight saving time)".
 # For now, let's assume that it's a one-year temporary measure.

+# From Carlos A. Carnero Delgado (2005-11-12):
+# This year (just like in 2004-2005) there's no change in time zone
+# adjustment in Cuba.  We will stay in daylight saving time:
+# http://www.granma.cu/espanol/2005/noviembre/mier9/horario.html
+
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	Cuba	1928	only	-	Jun	10	0:00	1:00	D
 Rule	Cuba	1928	only	-	Oct	10	0:00	0	S
 <at>  <at>  -1845,7 +1850,7  <at>  <at>  Rule	Cuba	1997	only	-	Oct	12	0:00s	0	S
 Rule	Cuba	1998	1999	-	Mar	lastSun	0:00s	1:00	D
 Rule	Cuba	1998	2003	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00s	0	S
 Rule	Cuba	2000	max	-	Apr	Sun>=1	0:00s	1:00	D
-Rule	Cuba	2005	max	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00s	0	S
+Rule	Cuba	2006	max	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00s	0	S

 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone	America/Havana	-5:29:28 -	LMT	1890
===================================================================
RCS file: RCS/southamerica,v
retrieving revision 2005.14
retrieving revision 2005.14.0.1
diff -pu -r2005.14 -r2005.14.0.1
--- southamerica	2005/10/03 13:43:50	2005.14
+++ southamerica	2005/11/18 06:54:05	2005.14.0.1
 <at>  <at>  -565,11 +565,12  <at>  <at>  Rule	Brazil	2003	only	-	Oct	19	 0:00	1:0
 # Decree 5,223 (2004-10-01) reestablishes DST in MT.
 # <a href="http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2004-2006/2004/Decreto/D5223.htm"></a>
 Rule	Brazil	2004	only	-	Nov	 2	 0:00	1:00	S
+# Decree <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV5539.gif">5,539</a> (2005-09-19),
+# adopted by the same states as before.
+Rule	Brazil	2005	max	-	Oct	Sun>=15	 0:00	1:00	S
 # The latest ruleset listed above says that the following states observe DST:
 # DF, ES, GO, MG, MS, MT, PR, RJ, RS, SC, SP.
-#
-Rule	Brazil	2005	max	-	Oct	Sun>=15	 0:00	1:00	S
-# For dates after mid-2005, the above rules with TO="max" are guesses
+# For dates after mid-2006, the above rules with TO="max" are guesses
 # and are quite possibly wrong, but are more likely than no DST at all.

 
===================================================================
RCS file: RCS/tz-link.htm,v
retrieving revision 2005.14
retrieving revision 2005.14.0.1
diff -pu -r2005.14 -r2005.14.0.1
--- tz-link.htm	2005/10/03 13:43:50	2005.14
+++ tz-link.htm	2005/11/18 07:44:33	2005.14.0.1
 <at>  <at>  -9,7 +9,7  <at>  <at> 
 <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content='text/html; charset="US-ASCII"' />
 <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Eggert, Paul" />
 <meta name="DC.Contributor" content="Olson, Arthur David" />
-<meta name="DC.Date" content="2005-09-25" />
+<meta name="DC.Date" content="2005-11-17" />
 <meta name="DC.Description"
  content="Sources of information about time zones and daylight saving time" />
 <meta name="DC.Identifier" content="http://www.twinsun.com/tz/tz-link.htm" />
 <at>  <at>  -114,7 +114,7  <at>  <at>  Here are some recent links that may be o
 </p>
 <h2>Web pages using recent versions of the <code>tz</code> database</h2>
 <ul>
-<li><a href="http://twiki.org/cgi-bin/xtra/tzdate">Date and Time Gateway</a>
+<li><a href="http://twiki.org/cgi-bin/xtra/tzdatepick.html">Date and Time Gateway</a>
 is a text-based point-and-click interface to tables of current time
 throughout the world.</li>
 <li>Fancier web interfaces, roughly in ascending order of complexity, include:
 <at>  <at>  -152,8 +152,8  <at>  <at>  href="http://www.w3.org/2002/12/cal/#tzd
 data</a> converted from <code>tz</code>. An earlier <a
 href="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/foo">schema</a> was sketched out.</li>
 <li><a
-href="http://inet-consulting.com/draft-royer-calsch-xcal-01.txt"><abbr
-title="iCalendar in XML Format">xCal</abbr></a>
+href="ftp://ftp.rfc-editor.org/internet-drafts/draft-royer-calsch-xcal-03.txt"><abbr
+title="iCalendar in XML Format">xCal-Basic</abbr></a>
 is a draft <a
 href="http://www.w3.org/XML/"><abbr
 title="Extensible Markup Language">XML</abbr></a> document type


Gmane