Paul Eggert | 23 Nov 05:09 2014

[tz] [PROPOSED PATCH] Adjust pre-1940 Iceland data to match the Iceland Almanak.

* europe (Iceland, Atlantic/Reykjavik):
Correct entries for 1939, 1921, 1919, and 1837-1907.
Coalesce some other entries, for simplicity.
* NEWS: Document this.
 NEWS   |  6 ++++++
 europe | 29 +++++++++++++----------------
 2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/NEWS b/NEWS
index 45e4f84..2cb5ff9 100644
--- a/NEWS
+++ b/NEWS
 <at>  <at>  -2,6 +2,12  <at>  <at>  News for the tz database

 Unreleased, experimental changes

+  Changes affecting past time stamps
+    Iceland observed DST in 1919 and 1921, and its 1939 fallbacck
+    transition was Oct. 29, not Nov. 29.  Remove incorrect data from
+    Shanks about time in Iceland between 1837 and 1908.
   Changes affecting code

     tzalloc now scrubs time zone abbreviations compatibly with the way
diff --git a/europe b/europe
index 5e78c54..fc7a76a 100644
--- a/europe
+++ b/europe
(Continue reading)

Paul Eggert | 23 Nov 02:33 2014

[tz] [PROPOSED PATCH] tzselect: Fix for gawk treating '\.' as plain '.'

From: Stefan Kuhn <Wuodan0 <at>>

When using gawk and Posix TZ in tzselect, this warning is shown:
	awk: cmd. line:1: warning: escape sequence `\.' treated as plain `.'
gawk treats '\.' as '.'
mawk treats '\.' as '\.'
both treat '\\.' as '\\.'
The 2nd and 3rd are corrrect for 'Mm.w.d'.

gawk 'BEGIN{ date = "\."; print date }'
gawk 'BEGIN{ date = "\\."; print date }'
mawk 'BEGIN{ date = "\."; print date }'
mawk 'BEGIN{ date = "\\."; print date }'
* tzselect.ksh (date): Fix bug that broke POSIX TZ checking with gawk.
* NEWS: Document this.
 NEWS         | 3 +++
 tzselect.ksh | 2 +-
 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/NEWS b/NEWS
index 1e781d2..45e4f84 100644
--- a/NEWS
+++ b/NEWS
 <at>  <at>  -8,6 +8,9  <at>  <at>  Unreleased, experimental changes
     that tzset always has, by replacing invalid bytes with '_' and by
     shortening too-long abbreviations.

(Continue reading)

Christos Zoulas | 11 Nov 19:41 2014

[tz] small bug fix and ugliness concentration


There there were 2 copies of the USG_COMPAT/ALTZONE ugliness and one
was incomplete (did not set daylight). I merged them.


--- localtime.c.orig	2014-10-18 14:07:54.000000000 -0400
+++ localtime.c	2014-11-11 13:39:18.000000000 -0500
 <at>  <at>  -235,6 +235,27  <at>  <at> 
 	return result;

+static char *
+setzone(struct state const *sp, const struct ttinfo *ttisp, int_fast32_t offset)
+	char *zn = (char *)&sp->chars[ttisp->tt_abbrind];
+	if (offset) {
+#ifdef USG_COMPAT
+		if (ttisp->tt_isdst)
+			daylight = 1;
+		if (!ttisp->tt_isdst)
+			timezone = -(ttisp->tt_gmtoff);
+#endif /* defined USG_COMPAT */
+#ifdef ALTZONE
+		if (ttisp->tt_isdst)
+			altzone = -(ttisp->tt_gmtoff);
+#endif /* defined ALTZONE */
+	}
(Continue reading)

Paul Eggert | 11 Nov 07:49 2014

[tz] [tz-announce] 2014j release of tz code and data available

The 2014j release of the tz code and data is available.  It reflects the 
following changes, which were either circulated on the tz mailing list or are 
relatively minor technical or administrative changes:

   Changes affecting current and future time stamps

     Turks & Caicos' switch from US eastern time to UTC-4 year-round
     did not occur on 2014-11-02 at 02:00.  It's currently scheduled
     for 2015-11-01 at 02:00.  (Thanks to Chris Walton.)

   Changes affecting past time stamps

     Many pre-1989 time stamps have been corrected for Asia/Seoul and
     Asia/Pyongyang, based on sources for the Korean-language Wikipedia
     entry for time in Korea.  (Thanks to Sanghyuk Jung.)  Also, no
     longer guess that Pyongyang mimicked Seoul time after World War II,
     as this is politically implausible.

     Some more zones have been turned into links, when they differed
     from existing zones only for older time stamps.  As usual,
     these changes affect UTC offsets in pre-1970 time stamps only.
     Their old contents have been moved to the 'backzone' file.
     The affected zones are: Africa/Addis_Ababa, Africa/Asmara,
     Africa/Dar_es_Salaam, Africa/Djibouti, Africa/Kampala,
     Africa/Mogadishu, Indian/Antananarivo, Indian/Comoro, and

   Changes affecting commentary

     The commentary is less enthusiastic about Shanks as a source,
(Continue reading)

Paul Eggert | 9 Nov 23:52 2014

[tz] [PROPOSED PATCH] * tz-link.htm: Modernize some more URLs.

 tz-link.htm | 39 +++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tz-link.htm b/tz-link.htm
index 6b57415..444ef94 100644
--- a/tz-link.htm
+++ b/tz-link.htm
 <at>  <at>  -8,7 +8,7  <at>  <at> 
 <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content='text/html; charset="UTF-8"'>
 <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Eggert, Paul">
 <meta name="DC.Contributor" content="Olson, Arthur David">
-<meta name="DC.Date" content="2014-11-02">
+<meta name="DC.Date" content="2014-11-09">
 <meta name="DC.Description"
  content="Sources of information about time zones and daylight saving time">
 <meta name="DC.Identifier"
 <at>  <at>  -312,7 +312,7  <at>  <at>  the <abbr>MIT</abbr> license.</li>
 <li><a href="">pytz &ndash; World Timezone
 Definitions for Python</a> compiles <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> source into
-<a href="">Python</a>.
+<a href="">Python</a>.
 It is freely available under a <abbr>BSD</abbr>-style license.</li>
 <li><a href="">TZInfo &ndash;
 Ruby Timezone Library</a>
 <at>  <at>  -377,15 +377,15  <at>  <at>  available under a BSD-style license.</li>
 <h2>Other <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code>-based time zone software</h2>
(Continue reading)


[tz] question

Hi Paul.


I just downloaded the 2014-07-31 tz database and noticed an anomaly.  The first line is not in alphabetic order by TZ.


AD          +4230+00131     Europe/Andorra


Is this intended?


Rick Heuft
Firmware Design Engineer (P.Eng.)
GE Energy Services
Digital Energy

T +1 604 421 8603
rick.heuft <at>

Suite 100, 8525 Baxter Place
Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 4V7 Canada

GE imagination at work


Unsubscribe from our commercial electronic messages.
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Carl Rigg | 5 Nov 23:42 2014

[tz] Russian time zone rules change

My apologies if this is not the correct way to notify this change 
[please let
me know what I should have done].

In 2010 President Medvedev passed an act to introduce permanent Summer Time
in Russia, effective March 2011 [according to the normal DST switching 

In 2014 this act was repealed, so that the normal DST switch back to 
standard time
occurred on the last Sunday in October 2014. The new act eliminates 
future DST switching.
The new act applies to all Russian time zones. This means that Moscow 
Time is
now fixed at 3 hours ahead of UTC.

I looked on and the last released version of tzdata is tzdata2014i
but it still contains the Medvedev act rules and not the state of 
affairs since Oct 26, 2014.



Steve Allen | 5 Nov 16:47 2014

[tz] historic sub-second time offsets

From their inception the International Time Bureau (BIH) produced
records of the deviations between various time sources.  I have a
sampling of those BIH publications from 1960 in images here

1960 is after the availability of cesium atomic chronometers and
during the era when Heure Definitive was UT2.  These pages include
part of the initial attempt to "coordinate" radio broadcasts between
the US NBS station WWV and the UK NPL station MSF.  They include time
offset plots for various observatories for the entire year of 1960,
and a couple of pages of the radio broadcast offsets for the end of
the year.  Also note that these data were not published until as much
as a year after the measurements, and only then could one know what
time it should have been.

From the turn of the 20th century it was agreed that everyone would
use the same the technical basis for determining civil time, but the
quality of time available in any particular place depended on
available resources and training, so the implementation was imperfect.
In many countries the observatory time was the legal time, and the
broadcast time signals were, practically, the official time.
Plowing through these historic records of time offsets only makes
sense for projects such as re-reducing occultation data.

The tz database has always eschewed sub-second offsets.
The data on these pages show part of why that is a good thing.

Steve Allen                 <sla <at>>                WGS-84 (GPS)
UCO/Lick Observatory--ISB   Natural Sciences II, Room 165    Lat  +36.99855
1156 High Street            Voice: +1 831 459 3046           Lng -122.06015
Santa Cruz, CA 95064     Hgt +250 m

Chris Walton | 4 Nov 20:26 2014

[tz] America/Grand_Turk (Turks and Caicos)

I am suspicious that the current time zone rules for Turks and Caicos may be wrong.


In August of this year, the TCI Government did make plans to be on “permanent daylight saving time”.  This would have meant that the clocks should not have changed Nov 2/2014.

This is properly modeled in the current TZ rules as permanent Atlantic Standard Time (AST) starting Nov 2/2014.


In September of this year, the TCI government appears to have delayed the switch to “permanent daylight saving time” by one year.

This means Turks and Caicos should theoretically be running on Eastern Standard Time (EST) now.  The switch to AST should presumably start on Nov 1/2015.


I think this website may have more info, but currently it is non-functional.



Paul Eggert | 3 Nov 08:55 2014

[tz] [PROPOSED PATCH] * tz-link.htm: Modernize URLs a bit. Omit unnecessary trailing slashes.

 tz-link.htm | 96 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------------------
 1 file changed, 48 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tz-link.htm b/tz-link.htm
index 0dbd1b0..6b57415 100644
--- a/tz-link.htm
+++ b/tz-link.htm
 <at>  <at>  -8,7 +8,7  <at>  <at> 
 <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content='text/html; charset="UTF-8"'>
 <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Eggert, Paul">
 <meta name="DC.Contributor" content="Olson, Arthur David">
-<meta name="DC.Date" content="2014-10-31">
+<meta name="DC.Date" content="2014-11-02">
 <meta name="DC.Description"
  content="Sources of information about time zones and daylight saving time">
 <meta name="DC.Identifier"
 <at>  <at>  -27,7 +27,7  <at>  <at>  for many representative locations around the globe.
 It is updated periodically to reflect changes made by political bodies
 to <a href="">time zone</a>
 boundaries and
-<a href="">daylight-saving</a>
+<a href="">daylight-saving</a>
 This database (often called <code>zoneinfo</code> or
 <at>  <at>  -36,15 +36,15  <at>  <at>  including
 <a href="">the
 <abbr title="GNU's Not Unix">GNU</abbr>
 C Library</a> (used in
-<a href=""><abbr>GNU</abbr>/Linux</a>),
-<a href="">Android</a>,
-<a href="">Firefox
+<a href=""><abbr>GNU</abbr>/Linux</a>),
+<a href="">Android</a>,
+<a href="">Firefox
 <abbr title="Operating System">OS</abbr></a>,
-<a href="">Free<abbr
+<a href="">Free<abbr
 title="Berkeley Software Distribution">BSD</abbr></a>,
-<a href="">Net<abbr>BSD</abbr></a>,
-<a href="">Open<abbr>BSD</abbr></a>,
-<a href="">Cygwin</a>,
+<a href="">Net<abbr>BSD</abbr></a>,
+<a href="">Open<abbr>BSD</abbr></a>,
+<a href="">Cygwin</a>,
 <a href=""><abbr
 title="DJ's GNU Programming Platform">DJGPP</abbr></a>,
 <a href="">Symbian</a>,
 <at>  <at>  -55,13 +55,13  <at>  <at>  title="Advanced Interactive eXecutive">AIX</abbr></a>,
 <a href="">BlackBerry 10</a>,
 <a href=""><abbr
 title="iPhone OS">iOS</abbr></a>,
-<a href="">Microsoft Windows</a>,
-<a href="">Open<abbr
+<a href="">Microsoft Windows</a>,
+<a href="">Open<abbr
 title="Virtual Memory System">VMS</abbr></a>,
-<a href="">Oracle Database</a>,
+<a href="">Oracle Database</a>,
+<a href="">Oracle Solaris</a>, and
 <a href=""><abbr title="Operating System Ten">OS
-X</abbr></a>, and
-<a href="">Solaris</a>.</p>
 Each location in the database represents a region where all
 clocks keeping local time have agreed since 1970.
 <at>  <at>  -130,8 +130,8  <at>  <at>  of the <a href="">Internet Assigned Numbers
 Authority (IANA)</a>.
 An <a href="">unofficial development
 repository</a> of the code and data is available
-in <a href="">Git</a> form
-from <a href="">GitHub</a>; be careful, as this
+in <a href="">Git</a> form
+from <a href="">GitHub</a>; be careful, as this
 repository is less well tested and probably contains more errors.
 The code lets you compile the <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> source files into
 <at>  <at>  -173,7 +173,7  <at>  <at>  database's style.</li>
 These are listed roughly in ascending order of complexity and fanciness.
-<li><a href=""></a> shows locations'
+<li><a href=""></a> shows locations'
 time and zones in a simple format.</li>
 href="">Date and Time Gateway</a>
 <at>  <at>  -188,25 +188,25  <at>  <at>  uses a pulldown menu.</li>
 timezone information for all countries</a> displays tables of DST rules.
 <li><a href="">The World Clock &ndash;
 Time Zones</a> lets you sort zone names and convert times.</li>
-<li><a href="">Permatime</a> generates and views
+<li><a href="">Permatime</a> generates and views
 links that refer to a particular point in time and can be displayed in
 multiple time zones.</li>
 <li><a href="">Time Difference</a>
 calculates the current time difference between locations.</li>
-<li><a href="">Weather Now</a> lists the weather too.</li>
-<li><a href=""></a>
+<li><a href="">Weather Now</a> lists the weather too.</li>
+<li><a href=""></a>
 also contains data about time zone boundaries; it supports queries via place
 names and shows location maps.</li>
 <h2>Network protocols for <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> data</h2>
-<li>The <a href="">Internet Engineering Task Force</a>'s
-<a href="">Time Zone Data
+<li>The <a href="">Internet Engineering Task Force</a>'s
+<a href="">Time Zone Data
 Distribution Service (tzdist) working group</a> is developing a scalable
 protocol for distributing time zone data to clients. It has generated a
 a <a href="">draft
 protocol for transferring time zone data</a> and a <a
 protocol for transferring time zone data by reference</a>. This work is based
 on the iCalendar and CalConnect efforts described below.</li>
 <li>The <a href="">
 <at>  <at>  -221,9 +221,9  <at>  <at>  variant <a href="">xCal</a>
 title="Extensible Markup Language">XML</abbr></a> format, and a variant
 <a href="">jCal</a>
 (Internet <abbr>RFC</abbr> 7265)
-uses <a href=""><abbr
+uses <a href=""><abbr
 title="JavaScript Object Notation">JSON</abbr></a> format.
-<a href="">CalConnect, The Calendaring and Scheduling
+<a href="">CalConnect, The Calendaring and Scheduling
 Consortium</a> is promoting further work in this area. <a
 TIMEZONE Problems and Recommendations</a> offers guidelines and
 <at>  <at>  -266,14 +266,14  <at>  <at>  and with a <abbr>BSD</abbr>-style license.</li>
 contains a script <code>parse_olson</code> that compiles
-<code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> source into <a href="">Perl</a>
+<code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> source into <a href="">Perl</a>
 modules. It is part of the Perl <a
-href="">DateTime Project</a>, which is freely
+href="">DateTime Project</a>, which is freely
 available under both the <abbr>GPL</abbr> and the Perl Artistic
 License. DateTime::TimeZone also contains a script
 <code>tests_from_zdump</code> that generates test cases for each clock
 transition in the <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> database.</li>
-<li><a href="">International Components for
+<li><a href="">International Components for
 Unicode (<abbr>ICU</abbr>)</a> contains C/C++ and <a
 libraries for internationalization that
 <at>  <at>  -289,7 +289,7  <at>  <at>  contains a class
 <code></code> that compiles
 <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> source into a Joda-specific binary format. Joda Time
 is freely available under a <abbr>BSD</abbr>-style license.</li>
-<li><a href="">Noda Time &ndash; Date and time API for
+<li><a href="">Noda Time &ndash; Date and time API for
 .NET</a> and <a href="">TZ4Net</a>
 are similar to Joda Time, but for the .NET framework instead of
 Java. They are freely available under the
 <at>  <at>  -299,7 +299,7  <at>  <at>  and a <abbr>BSD</abbr>-style license, respectively.</li>
 compilers and libraries include:
 <li><a href="">Moment Timezone</a> is a
-plugin for the <a href="">Moment.js</a> date
+plugin for the <a href="">Moment.js</a> date
 manipulation library. It is freely available under
 the <abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr>
 <at>  <at>  -312,9 +312,9  <at>  <at>  the <abbr>MIT</abbr> license.</li>
 <li><a href="">pytz &ndash; World Timezone
 Definitions for Python</a> compiles <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> source into
-<a href="">Python</a>.
+<a href="">Python</a>.
 It is freely available under a <abbr>BSD</abbr>-style license.</li>
-<li><a href="">TZInfo &ndash;
+<li><a href="">TZInfo &ndash;
 Ruby Timezone Library</a>
 compiles <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> source into
 <a href="">Ruby</a>.
 <at>  <at>  -326,7 +326,7  <at>  <at>  library that compiles <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> source into a time
 zone repository whose format
 is either proprietary or an <abbr>XML</abbr>-encoded
-<li><a href="">Tcl</a>
+<li><a href="">Tcl</a>
 contains a developer-oriented parser that compiles <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code>
 source into text files, along with a runtime that can read those
 files. Tcl is freely available under a <abbr>BSD</abbr>-style
 <at>  <at>  -344,7 +344,7  <at>  <at>  This library is freely available under the
 <abbr>GNU</abbr> Lesser General Public License
 (<abbr title="Lesser General Public License">LGPL</abbr>)</a>,
 and is widely used in <abbr>GNU</abbr>/Linux systems.</li>
-<li><a href="">GNOME</a>'s Glib has
+<li><a href="">GNOME</a>'s Glib has
 a <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> binary file reader written in C that
 creates a <code>GTimeZone</code> object representing sets
 of <abbr>UT</abbr> offsets.
 <at>  <at>  -377,7 +377,7  <at>  <at>  available under a BSD-style license.</li>
 <h2>Other <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code>-based time zone software</h2>
-<li><a href="">FoxClocks</a>
+<li><a href="">FoxClocks</a>
 is an extension for <a href="">Google
 Chrome</a> and for <a
 <at>  <at>  -385,9 +385,9  <at>  <at>  Toolkit</a> applications like <a
 href="">Firefox</a> and <a
 It displays multiple clocks in the application window, and has a mapping
-interface to <a href="">Google Earth</a>.
+interface to <a href="">Google Earth</a>.
 It is freely available under the <abbr>GPL</abbr>.</li>
-<li><a href="">Go programming language</a>
+<li><a href="">Go programming language</a>
 implementations contain a copy of a 32-bit subset of a recent
 <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> database in a
 Go-specific format.</li>
 <at>  <at>  -420,7 +420,7  <at>  <at>  Java</a> contains a copy of a subset of a recent
 <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> database in a
 Java-specific format.</li>
 <li><a href="">Time Zone</a> is
-a <a href="">WordPress</a> plugin. It is freely
+a <a href="">WordPress</a> plugin. It is freely
 available under a <abbr>BSD</abbr>-style license.</li>
 <li><a href="">Time Zone
 Master</a> is a Microsoft Windows clock program that can automatically
 <at>  <at>  -443,27 +443,27  <at>  <at>  href="">one volume
 for the <abbr>US</abbr></a>, and <a
 href="">one for
 other locations</a>) by <a
-href="">Astro Computing Services</a>.
+href="">Astro Computing Services</a>.
 These atlases are extensive but unreliable, as Shanks appears to have
 guessed many <abbr>UT</abbr> offsets and transitions. The atlases cite no
 sources and do not indicate which entries are guesswork.</li>
 <li><a href="">HP-UX</a> has a database in
 its own <code>tztab</code>(4) format.</li>
 <li>Microsoft Windows has proprietary data mentioned above.</li>
-<li><a href="">World Time Server</a>
+<li><a href="">World Time Server</a>
 is another time zone database.</li>
 <li><a href="">World Time Zones</a>
 contains data from the Time Service Department of the
 <abbr>US</abbr> Naval Observatory.</li>
 <li>The <a href="">Standard
 Schedules Information Manual</a> of the
-<a href="">International Air Transport
+<a href="">International Air Transport
 gives current time zone rules for airports served by commercial aviation.</li>
-<li>The <a href="">United States Central
+<li>The <a href="">United States Central
 Intelligence Agency (<abbr
 title="Central Intelligence Agency">CIA</abbr>)</a> publishes a <a
 <at>  <at>  -476,7 +476,7  <at>  <at>  recent editions.
 The pictorial quality is good,
 but the maps do not indicate summer time,
 and parts of the data are a few years out of date.</li>
-<li><a href="">Current time around the world
+<li><a href="">Current time around the world
 and standard time zones map of the world</a>
 has several fancy time zone maps; it covers Russia particularly well.
 The maps' pictorial quality is not quite as good as the
 <at>  <at>  -497,7 +497,7  <at>  <at>  sets of <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> regions.</li>
 maps geographical coordinates to a <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> region.
 It is written in Go and is freely available under the Apache License.</li>
 <li><a href="">What Time
-is It Here?</a> applies <a href="">MongoDB</a>
+is It Here?</a> applies <a href="">MongoDB</a>
 geospatial query operators to shapefiles' data.</li>
 <li><a href="">Administrative
 Divisions of Countries ("Statoids")</a> contains lists of
 <at>  <at>  -623,7 +623,7  <at>  <at>  of Summer time dates</a>.</dd>
 Science of Timekeeping</a> is a thorough introduction
 to the theory and practice of precision timekeeping.</li>
-<li><a href=""><abbr
+<li><a href=""><abbr
 title="Network Time Protocol">NTP</abbr>: The Network
 Time Protocol</a>
 discusses how to synchronize clocks of
 <at>  <at>  -653,9 +653,9  <at>  <at>  Times</a> explains more abstruse astronomical time scales like
 <abbr title="Barycentric Dynamic Time">TDB</abbr>.
 <a href="">Time
 Scales</a> goes into more detail, particularly for historical variants.</li>
-<li>The <a href=""><abbr
+<li>The <a href=""><abbr
 title="International Astronomical Union">IAU</abbr></a>'s <a
 title="Standards Of Fundamental Astronomy">SOFA</abbr></a>
 collection contains C and <a
 <at>  <at>  -673,7 +673,7  <at>  <at>  describes Mars Coordinated Time (<abbr
 title="Mars Coordinated Time">MTC</abbr>) and the
 diverse local time
 scales used by each landed mission on Mars.</li>
-<li><a href=""></a> is
+<li><a href=""></a> is
 dedicated not only to leap seconds but to precise time and frequency
 in general. It covers the state of the art in amateur timekeeping, and
 how the art has progressed over the past few decades.</li>


Mike Cantrell | 2 Nov 22:42 2014

[tz] time zone for Moscow time


I'm not sure who to send this to, but a quick check on the internet indicates you're the ones ---

I use a browser plugin (FoxClocks) which pulls information from the tz database, which I believe you keep. I noticed that Moscow time has not changed. Over a week ago, all of Russia went to 'winter time', falling back an hour, and has said that it will never go to summer time again. It appears that this change has not been entered into the database.

Thank you for the effort to keep track of all this.

All the best -

Mike Cantrell